Abstract

The absolute frequency of the In+ 5s2 S105s5p P30 clock transition at 237 nm was measured with an accuracy of 1.8 parts in 1013. Using a phase-coherent frequency chain, we compared the S10P30 transition with a methane-stabilized He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm, which was calibrated against an atomic cesium fountain clock. A frequency gap of 37 THz at the fourth harmonic of the He–Ne standard was bridged by a frequency comb generated by a mode-locked femtosecond laser. The frequency of the In+ clock transition was found to be 1 267 402 452 899.92 (0.23) kHz, the accuracy being limited by the uncertainty of the He–Ne laser reference. This result represents an improvement in accuracy of more than 2 orders of magnitude over previous measurements of the line and now stands as what is to our knowledge the most accurate measurement of an optical transition in a single ion.s

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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2000

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abel, J.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abgrall, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Bagayev, S. N.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Beall, J. A.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, Th.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Bergquist, J. C.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, J. E.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Cruz, F. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundy, S.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Beauvoir, B.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dehmelt, H.

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriyev, A. K.

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Dmitriyiev, A. K.

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Dzuba, V. A.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flambaum, V. V.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fries, M.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gross, B.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Helmcke, J.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilico, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Huber, A.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itano, W. M.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jozefowski, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Julien, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurent, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Lemonde, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Lipphardt, B.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madej, A. A.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marmet, L.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Yu.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Nez, F.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niering, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peik, E.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Pokasov, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Pokasov, P. V.

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Prevedelli, M.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rafac, R. J.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsey, N.

See, for example, N. Ramsey, in Proceedings of the XXXth Rencontre de Moriond, B. Guiderdoni, G. Greene, D. Hinds, and J. Tran Thanh Van, eds. (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1995).

Reichert, J.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Reihle, F.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salomon, C.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Santarelli, G.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Schnatz, H.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwedes, Ch.

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Schwob, C.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siemsen, K. J.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skvortsov, M. N.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

von Zanthier, J.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Webb, J. K.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Whitford, B. G.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, B. C.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zinner, G.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Opt. Commun.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. T

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

See, for example, N. Ramsey, in Proceedings of the XXXth Rencontre de Moriond, B. Guiderdoni, G. Greene, D. Hinds, and J. Tran Thanh Van, eds. (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1995).

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. C. Bergquist, ed., Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the frequency chain used to measure the absolute frequency of the In+ clock transition. The chain links the 237-nm radiation of the clock transition (1267 THz) to a methane-stabilized He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm (88 THz). A frequency gap of 37 THz at 848 nm is bridged with the help of a frequency comb created by a Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Inset, excitation probability of the P30 state as a function of beat frequency fB at 946 nm for a typical measurement session. 674 quantum jumps to the P30 level were recorded in this session. The error bars correspond to the reciprocal number of P30 excitation trials in a 30-Hz frequency interval. The error bars are used as weights for the fit to a Gaussian curve. Main figure, fB at the line center for 11 measurement sessions. The mean value is fB=49 174 925 (42) Hz. The error bars are the uncertainty of the He–Ne standard.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

fIn+=16fHeNe-4fB+nfr-fLO.
fIn+=1 267 402 452 899.920.23kHz.

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