Abstract

The absolute frequency of the In+5s2 S10–5s5p P30 clock transition at 237 nm was measured with an accuracy of 1.8 parts in 1013. Using a phase-coherent frequency chain, we compared the S10–P30 transition with a methane-stabilized He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm, which was calibrated against an atomic cesium fountain clock. A frequency gap of 37 THz at the fourth harmonic of the He–Ne standard was bridged by a frequency comb generated by a mode-locked femtosecond laser. The frequency of the In+ clock transition was found to be 1 267 402 452 899.92 (0.23) kHz, the accuracy being limited by the uncertainty of the He–Ne laser reference. This result represents an improvement in accuracy of more than 2 orders of magnitude over previous measurements of the line and now stands as what is to our knowledge the most accurate measurement of an optical transition in a single ion.s

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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2000 (4)

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (8)

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abel, J.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abgrall, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Bagayev, S. N.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Beall, J. A.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, Th.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Bergquist, J. C.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, J. E.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Cruz, F. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundy, S.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Beauvoir, B.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dehmelt, H.

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriyev, A. K.

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Dmitriyiev, A. K.

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Dzuba, V. A.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flambaum, V. V.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fries, M.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gross, B.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Helmcke, J.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilico, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Huber, A.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itano, W. M.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jozefowski, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Julien, L.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurent, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Lemonde, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Lipphardt, B.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madej, A. A.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marmet, L.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Yu.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Nez, F.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niering, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peik, E.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Pokasov, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Pokasov, P. V.

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Prevedelli, M.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rafac, R. J.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsey, N.

See, for example, N. Ramsey, in Proceedings of the XXXth Rencontre de Moriond, B. Guiderdoni, G. Greene, D. Hinds, and J. Tran Thanh Van, eds. (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1995).

Reichert, J.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Reihle, F.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salomon, C.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Santarelli, G.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Schnatz, H.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwedes, Ch.

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Schwob, C.

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siemsen, K. J.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skvortsov, M. N.

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

von Zanthier, J.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Webb, J. K.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Whitford, B. G.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, B. C.

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zinner, G.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

S. N. Bagayev, A. K. Dmitriyev, and P. V. Pokasov, Laser Phys. 7, 989 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. von Zanthier, J. Abel, Th. Becker, M. Fries, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, A. Yu. Nevsky, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Commun. 166, 57 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 49, 402 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Peik, J. Abel, Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, and H. Walther, Phys. Rev. A 60, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (11)

T. Udem, A. Huber, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Prevedelli, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Rafac, B. C. Young, J. A. Beall, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2462 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Reihle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, B. G. Whitford, K. J. Siemsen, and S. Cundy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3232 (2000); S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Schwob, L. Jozefowski, B. de Beauvoir, L. Hilico, F. Nez, L. Julien, and F. Biraben, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 888 (1999); V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. T (1)

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, and H. Walther, Phys. Scr. T 59, 403 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

See, for example, N. Ramsey, in Proceedings of the XXXth Rencontre de Moriond, B. Guiderdoni, G. Greene, D. Hinds, and J. Tran Thanh Van, eds. (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1995).

P. Pokasov (Institute of Laser Physics), A. K. Dmitriyiev, S. N. Bagayev, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon are preparing a manuscript to be called “Absolute frequency measurement of a methane-stabilized transportable He–Ne laser at 3.39 µm.”

Th. Becker, J. von Zanthier, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, M. N. Skvortsov, H. Walther, and E. Peik, “In+ single-ion optical frequency standard,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. C. Bergquist, ed., Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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