Abstract

Noncollinear frequency conversion of two femtosecond pulses is used to characterize the nonlinear profile induced in thermally poled fused silica. This technique permits one to deduce the nonlinear profile and the charge distribution induced by the poling treatment. These data and the current that passes through the sample during the poling are consistent with the occurrence of a built-in electric field associated with the diffusion of two ionic species.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. G. Kazansky, D. J. Richardson, N. G. Broderick, J. P. De Santro, G. Simmoneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. A. Levenson, Opt. Lett. 24, 208 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 19, 1820 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Pureur, A. C. Liu, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Lett. 23, 588 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Le Calvez, E. Freysz, and A. Ducasse, Opt. Lett. 22, 1547 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. G. Alley and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 23, 1170 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. W. Shin and M. Tomozawa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 211, 237 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, New York, 1986).
  10. H. Wakabayashi and M. Tomozawa, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1850 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

1997 (2)

D. W. Shin and M. Tomozawa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 211, 237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Le Calvez, E. Freysz, and A. Ducasse, Opt. Lett. 22, 1547 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 19, 1820 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

H. Wakabayashi and M. Tomozawa, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1850 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alley, T. G.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Alley and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 23, 1170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bansal, N. P.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, New York, 1986).

Bonfrate, G.

Broderick, N. G.

Brueck, S. R. J.

T. G. Alley and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 23, 1170 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 19, 1820 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Santro, J. P.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Doremus, R. H.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, New York, 1986).

Ducasse, A.

Freysz, E.

Kazansky, P. G.

Kino, G. S.

Le Calvez, A.

Levenson, J. A.

Liu, A. C.

Long, X. C.

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 19, 1820 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R. A.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 19, 1820 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pruneri, V.

Pureur, D.

Richardson, D. J.

Shin, D. W.

D. W. Shin and M. Tomozawa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 211, 237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Simmoneau, G.

Tomozawa, M.

D. W. Shin and M. Tomozawa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 211, 237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Wakabayashi and M. Tomozawa, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1850 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Vidakovic, P.

Wakabayashi, H.

H. Wakabayashi and M. Tomozawa, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1850 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. Wakabayashi and M. Tomozawa, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1850 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Shin and M. Tomozawa, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 211, 237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (1)

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, New York, 1986).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: B.S., 50% beam splitter; M, mirror; L, lens; PMT; photomultiplier. Inset, details of the beam’s interaction within the glass sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the SH signal versus Δk for various poling times tp. All the curves were normalized against the data recorded at Δk-0.27 rad/µm. The symbols and curves correspond to the experimental data and fitting curves, respectively (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dashed–dotted curves, normalized χ2z profiles inferred from the fitting function (see text) and deduced from the experimental data presented in Fig. 2. Solid curves, charge distributions ρz deduced from the χ2z profiles (see text).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Current flowing through the glass during the poling. Inset, evolution (on a logarithmic scale) of the peak and plateau current versus temperature at a given applied voltage V=3 kV.

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