Abstract

We demonstrate absolute frequency stabilization of a widely tunable Tm:Ho:YAG laser by locking the oscillator to the P12 absorption line of the H79Br molecule at 2097.222 nm, using the fringe side-locking technique. We perform time and spectral analysis of open- and closed-loop error signals to evaluate the frequency noise. In closed-loop operation a long-term frequency stability of better than 2 MHz with rms frequency fluctuations of 112 kHz is obtained over an observation time of 103 s.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
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1999 (1)

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1993 (2)

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Koch, J. P. Deyst, and M. E. Storm, Opt. Lett. 18, 1235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

Barnes, N. P.

Bernier, L. G.

B. Joss, L. G. Bernier, and F. Gardiol, in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Frequency Control Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 300–305.
[CrossRef]

Bertinetto, F.

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonanni, P.

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deyst, J. P.

Finch, A.

A. Finch, J. H. Flint, and D. M. Rines, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 312–314.

Flint, J. H.

A. Finch, J. H. Flint, and D. M. Rines, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 312–314.

Gambini, P.

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gardiol, F.

B. Joss, L. G. Bernier, and F. Gardiol, in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Frequency Control Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 300–305.
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, S. L.

Hale, C. P.

Hall, J. E.

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, S. W.

Hong, F.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joss, B.

B. Joss, L. G. Bernier, and F. Gardiol, in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Frequency Control Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 300–305.
[CrossRef]

Koch, G. J.

Ma, L. S.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Petros, M.

Pfister, O.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Puleo, M.

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rines, D. M.

A. Finch, J. H. Flint, and D. M. Rines, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 312–314.

Rohrbach, W. W.

Singh, U. N.

Storm, M. E.

Taubman, M.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, B.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vezzoni, E.

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. E. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 6 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

F. Bertinetto, P. Bonanni, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2128 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

B. Joss, L. G. Bernier, and F. Gardiol, in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Frequency Control Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 300–305.
[CrossRef]

A. Finch, J. H. Flint, and D. M. Rines, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. Pollock, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 312–314.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for frequency stabilization of the Tm:Ho:YAG laser to HBr molecule by the fringe side-locking technique. ET1, ET2, etalons; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; BS’s, beam splitters; M, folding mirror; VA, variable attenuator; PD1, PD2, photodiodes; IV, transimpedance amplifier; , integration stage.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of the H79Br P12 rovibrational line V=0V=2 at 2097.222 nm. Gas pressure, 104 Pa; path length, 7.54 m. The dotted fitting curve is the convolution of a Lorentzian line of 395 MHz FWHM with a Gaussian line of 200 MHz, corresponding to a Voigt line shape of 485 MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time dependence of the frequency deviation of the Tm:Ho:YAG laser (a) unlocked and (b) locked to the HBr line. The locked behavior is also shown in the inset on a magnified scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power spectral density of the frequency noise as a function of Fourier frequency for (a) an unlocked and (b) a locked oscillator. The two interpolating lines represent the f-2 slope-fitting curves. The horizontal dotted line indicates the white-noise floor, k0.

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