Abstract

We have packaged a rectangular 3 mm×4 mm, 10µm-thick Z-cut lithium niobate LiNbO3 film produced by crystal ion slicing (CIS) and evaluated its performance as a pyroelectric optical detector. We justify the difficulty of preparing the film by showing that the freestanding detector has much greater sensitivity than the same detector bonded to a substrate. We compare the sensitivity of three CIS-film detectors with that of a detector based on a 230µm-thick LiNbO3 plate and describe the detectors’ spatial uniformity and noise-equivalent power.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Blackburn and H. C. Wright, Infrared Phys. 10, 191 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. J. Phelan and A. R. Cook, Appl. Opt. 12, 2494 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Bauer and B. Ploss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6361 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. See, e.g., H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 227–237.
  8. A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Budde, Optical Radiation Measurements, Vol. 4 of Physical Detectors of Optical Radiation (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 130.
  10. J. Lehman, G. Eppeldauer, J. A. Aust, and M. Racz, Appl. Opt. 38, 7047 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

J. Lehman, G. Eppeldauer, J. A. Aust, and M. Racz, Appl. Opt. 38, 7047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Bauer and B. Ploss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1970 (1)

H. Blackburn and H. C. Wright, Infrared Phys. 10, 191 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aust, J. A.

Bakhru, H.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, S.

S. Bauer and B. Ploss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blackburn, H.

H. Blackburn and H. C. Wright, Infrared Phys. 10, 191 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Budde, W.

W. Budde, Optical Radiation Measurements, Vol. 4 of Physical Detectors of Optical Radiation (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 130.

Cargill, G. S.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cook, A. R.

Cross, L. E.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Day, G. W.

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Eppeldauer, G.

Evans, C.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gruzensky, P. M.

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Haruna, M.

See, e.g., H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 227–237.

Jundt, D. H.

Kumar, A.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lehman, J.

Levy, M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

See, e.g., H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 227–237.

Osgood, R. M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, R. L.

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, R. J.

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Phelan and A. R. Cook, Appl. Opt. 12, 2494 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ploss, B.

S. Bauer and B. Ploss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Racz, M.

Radojevic, A. M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, D. H. Jundt, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Opt. Lett. 25, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

See, e.g., H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 227–237.

Tian, C.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wright, H. C.

H. Blackburn and H. C. Wright, Infrared Phys. 10, 191 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

H. Blackburn and H. C. Wright, Infrared Phys. 10, 191 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. L. Peterson, G. W. Day, P. M. Gruzensky, and R. J. Phelan, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Bauer and B. Ploss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

See, e.g., H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 227–237.

W. Budde, Optical Radiation Measurements, Vol. 4 of Physical Detectors of Optical Radiation (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 130.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative current responsivity of a freestanding 10µm-thick LiNbO3 pyroelectric detector compared with that of the same detector mounted on a substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detector subassembly and main components identified separately.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Values of and Comments on the Solution of Eq. (1)

Equations (5)

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γ=1-sechwn+A tanhwn1+AB+A+Btanhwn.
Γ=γsubs/γfree
wn=jωcv2t2k21/2
A=k2cv2k3cv31/2
B=k1cv1k2cv21/2

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