Abstract

We investigate the intensity noise induced by pump-power fluctuations in a diode-pumped single-frequency codoped Tm–Ho:YAG laser and we measure, in the frequency domain, the corresponding transfer function. Good agreement between the measured transfer functions and the theoretical prediction is found. A relative intensity-noise level of -110 dB/Hz from 1 kHz to the relaxation-oscillation frequency, with complete suppression of the relaxation-oscillation peak, is achieved by use of a suitable optoelectronic feedback circuit.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. J. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 244 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Tsubono and S. Moriwaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1241 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 875 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Storm, Laser Focus World 27(4), 117 (1991).
  9. S. W. Henderson, C. P. Hale, J. R. Magee, M. J. Kavaya, and A. V. Huffaker, Opt. Lett. 16, 773 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, Opt. Lett. 18, 708 (1993).
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1998 (1)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubono and S. Moriwaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

T. J. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 244 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H.-A.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

Cheng, Y.

De Geronimo, G.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Filer, E. D.

Franich, D. M.

J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

French, V. A.

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gray, M. B.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hale, C. P.

Harb, C. C.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, S. W.

Huffaker, A. V.

Kane, T. J.

T. J. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 244 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kavaya, M. J.

Kokta, M.

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kokta, M. R.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 875 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

Laporta, P.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Longhi, S.

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

Magee, J. R.

Moriwaki, S.

K. Tsubono and S. Moriwaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Naranjo, F. L.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 875 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petrin, R. R.

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, W. J.

Rottengatter, P.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, R.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sorbello, G.

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

Storm, M. E.

M. E. Storm, Laser Focus World 27(4), 117 (1991).

Svelto, C.

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taccheo, S.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

Townsend, J. E.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsubono, K.

K. Tsubono and S. Moriwaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tyminski, J. K.

J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G. G.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. De Geronimo, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. B 66, 19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. J. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 244 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. K. Tyminski, D. M. Franich, and M. Kokta, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Tsubono and S. Moriwaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

M. E. Storm, Laser Focus World 27(4), 117 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. A. French, R. R. Petrin, M. Kokta, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 46, 8018 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 377.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured values (filled circles) of the (a) magnitude and (b) phase of the TF that relates the laser output-power fluctuations to the pump-power fluctuations. Solid curves, theoretical fits.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the control circuit for suppression of intensity noise: LD’s, laser diodes; BS, beam splitter; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental RIN spectra: (a) free-running oscillator, (b) intensity-stabilized laser.

Equations (1)

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νp,ET12π1τTm,F4+ktrn0,Ho,

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