Abstract

Reduced hydroxyl formation in presensitized fibers exposed to cw 244-nm light after hydrogen outdiffusion is reported. The OH band in the presensitized fiber shifts toward 1390 nm. In the fully hydrogen-loaded fiber the OH band is centered at 1397 nm and does not shift with fluence.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.
  3. J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 27.
  4. M. Åslund, J. Canning, and G. Yoffe, Opt. Lett. 24, 1826 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).
  7. J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 3896, 769 (1999).
  8. J. Canning, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 275 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Åslund and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 25, 692 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Svaalgard, Ph.D. dissertation (Mikroelektronic Centret, Danish Technical University, Lyngby, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1997).
  11. P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.
  15. A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Araujo, F. M.

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arkwright, J.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Åslund, M.

M. Åslund and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 25, 692 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Åslund, J. Canning, and G. Yoffe, Opt. Lett. 24, 1826 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 27.

Byron, K. C.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Åslund and J. Canning, Opt. Lett. 25, 692 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 3896, 769 (1999).

M. Åslund, J. Canning, and G. Yoffe, Opt. Lett. 24, 1826 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 27.

Dianov, E. M.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.

Doshi, G.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Dyer, P. E.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, A. H.

A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Farley, R. J.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Giedl, R.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Joanni, E.

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Krug, P. A.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.

Lee, X.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Machesney, J. B.

S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Marques, M. B.

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Measures, R. M.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, S. R.

S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Pasman, R.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.

Pickard, J. A.

A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.

Sceats, M. G.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.

Smith, B.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Sokolov, V. O.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.

Stahbuhl, R. E.

A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Stephens, T.

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Sulimov, V. B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.

Svaalgard, M.

M. Svaalgard, Ph.D. dissertation (Mikroelektronic Centret, Danish Technical University, Lyngby, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1997).

Walker, K. C.

S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yoffe, G.

M. Åslund, J. Canning, and G. Yoffe, Opt. Lett. 24, 1826 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. M. Araujo, E. Joanni, M. B. Marques, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. R. Nagel, J. B. Machesney, and K. C. Walker, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 459 (1982); X. Hanafusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95/96, 655 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. H. Edwards, J. A. Pickard, and R. E. Stahbuhl, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Canning, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 3896, 769 (1999).

Other (5)

M. Svaalgard, Ph.D. dissertation (Mikroelektronic Centret, Danish Technical University, Lyngby, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1997).

J. Arkwright, T. Stephens, D. Yu. Stepanov, P. Krug, B. Smith, G. Doshi, G. Yoffe, and F. Ouellette, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’97), IEE Conf. Pub. (London)448 (1997).

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 86.

J. Canning and M. Åslund, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass waveguides: Fundamentals and Applications, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 27.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity: Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 292.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectra of OH and near-IR attenuation bands with successive fluence exposures for a fully H2-loaded boron-codoped GeO2 optical fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of OH and near-IR attenuation bands with successive fluence exposures for a preexposed and H2-outdiffused boron-codoped GeO2 optical fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Concentration of OH versus fluence for both cases described in Figs. 1 and 2: ppm, parts in 106.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of Samples and Their Initial and Subsequent Processing Conditions

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