Abstract

We demonstrate a quantum-dot microcavity by coupling core–shell semiconductor nanocrystals to a fused-silica microsphere. We show that the composite microcavity can feature Q factors of the order of 108, providing a model system for investigating cavity QED and microlasers at the level of single quantum dots.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. For a recent review, see Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).
  2. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. A. Brun and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 61, 32307 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468 (1995); B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463 (1997); X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. A. Empedocles and M. G. Bawendi, Science 278, 2114 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. A. Brun and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 61, 32307 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. A. Empedocles and M. G. Bawendi, Science 278, 2114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468 (1995); B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463 (1997); X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

S. A. Empedocles and M. G. Bawendi, Science 278, 2114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brun, T. A.

T. A. Brun and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 61, 32307 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Collot, L.

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doran, A.

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Empedocles, S. A.

S. A. Empedocles and M. G. Bawendi, Science 278, 2114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georgiades, N. Ph.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468 (1995); B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463 (1997); X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hines, M. A.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468 (1995); B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463 (1997); X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Sequin, L.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pelton, M.

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J. M.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J.-M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vernooy, D. W.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volikov, P. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

T. A. Brun and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 61, 32307 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Fan, A. Doran, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3190 (1998); X. Fan, S. Lacey, and H. Wang, Opt. Lett. 24, 771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefevre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468 (1995); B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463 (1997); X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, L. Lefevre-Sequin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelton and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Brun and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 61, 32307 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. A. Empedocles, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3973 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. A. Empedocles and M. G. Bawendi, Science 278, 2114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

For a recent review, see Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a core–shell nanocrystal coupling to a WGM of a fused-silica microsphere.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PL spectrum of a composite nanocrystal–microsphere system in which the sphere diameter is nearly 100 µm and the average core diameter of CdS nanocrystals is 4.5 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Resonant scattering spectra of a composite nanocrystal–microsphere system in which the sphere diameter is nearly 100 µm and the average core diameter of CdS nanocrystals is 5.5 nm. (a) below the bandgap of the nanocrystals, (b) near the exciton absorption line center. The inset in (b) also shows a resonance in (a) obtained with greater spectral resolution.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement of photon storage lifetime (a) after the solution deposition process and (b) after reheating of the microsphere. The sphere diameter is nearly 100 µm.

Equations (1)

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κ=κ+Ng2γ,

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