Abstract

The reflectivity of a gallium/silica interface formed on an optical flat or at the tip of a cleaved optical fiber can be reduced in a reversible fashion when the interface is excited by a few milliwatts of laser power. This phenomenon occurs at temperatures just below gallium’s melting point. We believe that the effect can be attributed to light-induced structuring at the interface.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CMP2.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1999 (4)

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 854213 (1999); A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and E. G. Gamaly, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Jagla, S. Prestipino, and E. Tossatti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Albanis, S. Dhanjal, N. I. Zheludev, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 5, 157 (1999), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

V. I. Emel’yanov, Laser Phys. 8, 937 (1998).

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3942 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

Abeles, F.

F. Abeles, in Optical Properties of Metallic Films, M. H. Francombe and R. W. Hoffman, eds., Vol. 6 of Physics of Thin Films: Advances in Research and Development (Academic, New York, 1971), pp. 171–190.

Albanis, V.

Bennet, P. J.

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, J. G.

Berman, L. E.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

Deutsche, M.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dhanjal, S.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Albanis, S. Dhanjal, N. I. Zheludev, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 5, 157 (1999), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Emel’yanov, V. I.

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Emel’yanov, Laser Phys. 8, 937 (1998).

Gamaly, E. G.

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 854213 (1999); A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and E. G. Gamaly, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

Hart, R. M.

Jagla, E. A.

E. A. Jagla, S. Prestipino, and E. Tossatti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CMP2.

Liao, P. F.

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CMP2.

Luscombe, J.

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 854213 (1999); A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and E. G. Gamaly, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Magnussen, O. M.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ocko, B. M.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D. H.

Pershan, P. S.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Albanis, S. Dhanjal, N. I. Zheludev, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 5, 157 (1999), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pinchuk, A.

Prestipino, S.

E. A. Jagla, S. Prestipino, and E. Tossatti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Preston, J. S.

J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3942 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Regan, M. J.

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. Albanis, S. Dhanjal, N. I. Zheludev, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 5, 157 (1999), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A. V.

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 854213 (1999); A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and E. G. Gamaly, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3942 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tafoya, J. D.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CMP2.

Tossatti, E.

E. A. Jagla, S. Prestipino, and E. Tossatti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3942 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wait, J. R.

J. R. Wait, Electromagnetics and Plasmas, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970).

Zheludev, N. I.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Albanis, S. Dhanjal, N. I. Zheludev, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 5, 157 (1999), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bennet, S. Dhanjal, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Emel’yanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1787 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 854213 (1999); A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and E. G. Gamaly, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

V. I. Emel’yanov, Laser Phys. 8, 937 (1998).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

M. J. Regan, P. S. Pershan, O. M. Magnussen, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsche, and L. E. Berman, Phys. Rev. B 54, 9730 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3942 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Preston, J. E. Sipe, H. M. van Driel, and J. Luscombe, Phys. Rev. B 40, 3931 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. A. Jagla, S. Prestipino, and E. Tossatti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. R. Wait, Electromagnetics and Plasmas, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970).

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CMP2.

F. Abeles, in Optical Properties of Metallic Films, M. H. Francombe and R. W. Hoffman, eds., Vol. 6 of Physics of Thin Films: Advances in Research and Development (Academic, New York, 1971), pp. 171–190.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflectivity–temperature curve of the gallium/silica interface, showing light-induced darkening at 7 kW/cm2 and 1 kW/cm2; the solid curve shows the dependence of reflectivity on decreasing temperature. The inset shows the dependence of ΔR, the magnitude of the reflectivity drop, and ΔT the temperature width of the drop on light intensity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity of the fibrerized gallium interface at 1.550 µm modulated by the presence of pump light at 1.536 µm. In all frames the top oscilloscope trace shows the reflected probe intensity (arbitrary units, AC coupling mode, time base 2 ms/division), and the bottom trace shows the pump intensity (not on the same scale as the top trace).

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