Abstract

We developed a GdxY1-xCa4OBO33 (GdYCOB) crystal for control of optical birefringence. GdYCOB crystals were successfully used to generate noncritical phase-matched (NCPM) second and third harmonics of 1064-nm lights. However, we observed degradation of third-harmonic-generation (THG) output power and distortion of the beam pattern as a result of photoinduced damage and thermal dephasing. The photoinduced damage was classified into two types. One was gray-track and the other was photorefractive damage. It seems that these types of damage were similar to the types of damage that occurred with KTiOPO4 and LiNbO3 crystals. We tried to circumvent this problem by crystal heating. Photoinduced damage of GdYCOB was overcome by elevation of the crystal temperature, and NCPM THG (355-nm) output power from heated GdYCOB increased to 9 mW (62.5 kHz).

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).
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2000 (1)

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

1994 (1)

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1966 (1)

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Aka, G.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Ashikin, A.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ballman, A. A.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Benitez, J. M.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Boyd, G. D.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, T. A.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Furuya, H.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Godard, J.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Hoffman, H. J.

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kahn-Harari, A.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Kato, K.

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

Levimstein, J. J.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Mori, Y.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Murase, K.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakao, H.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Nassau, K.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Perkins, P. E.

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ruan, Y. F.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Salin, F.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Sasaki, T.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Smith, R. G.

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Stone, R. E.

Vivien, D.

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

Yamada, I.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Yap, Y. K.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Yoshimura, M.

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Opt. Lett. 24, 193 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ashikin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levimstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[Crossref]

Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. (1)

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Salin, J. Godard, and J. M. Benitez, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 33, 727 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, J. Cryst. Growth 198/199, 565 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 236 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, K. Murase, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, Proc. SPIE 3899, 456 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

H. Furuya, H. Nakao, I. Yamada, Y. F. Ruan, Y. K. Yap, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Photoinduced damage in GdYCOB and its circumvention,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for THG measurements. PRF, pulse repetition frequency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THG output at 62.5 kHz from type II LBO and type I NCPM GdYCOB x=0.28 at room temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Photorefractive damage in GdYCOB as measured by an interferometer and (b) photograph of gray-track damage in GdYCOB.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of GdYCOB (a) without and (b) with gray-track damage, as irradiated by THG light, and (c) after recovery from gray-track damage by means of annealing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Changes of phase-matching angle in GdYCOB x=0.255 with crystal temperature.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

THG output at 62.5 kHz from type II LBO and type I GdYCOB crystals at elevated crystal temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Phase-matching Properties of Type I THG 1064+532355nm of GdYCOB and Other Crystals

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