Abstract

Theoretical results for high-harmonic generation by a two-color elliptically polarized laser field are presented. Special emphasis is placed on coherent radiation near 13 nm in connection with the development of extreme-ultraviolet lithography. Linearly polarized radiation at this wavelength can be obtained with a linearly polarized bichromatic laser field, whereas circularly polarized radiation can be generated with a bichromatic circularly polarized field with counterrotating coplanar components. In both cases the harmonic emission efficiencies at the saturation intensity are more than 1 order of magnitude larger than for harmonic generation with a monochromatic linearly polarized field.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. H. Stulen, Microelectron. Eng. 46, 19 (1999) ; R. H. Stulen and D. W. Sweeney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 694 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. F. DiMauro and P. Agostini, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 79 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).
  7. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986) Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  8. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, D. B. Milos̆ević, and G. G. Paulus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063415 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Heinäsmäki, J. Phys. B 32, 4321 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, D. B. Milos̆ević, and G. G. Paulus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063415 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Heinäsmäki, J. Phys. B 32, 4321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stulen, Microelectron. Eng. 46, 19 (1999) ; R. H. Stulen and D. W. Sweeney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).

1995

L. F. DiMauro and P. Agostini, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

L. F. DiMauro and P. Agostini, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alagna, L.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986) Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Andiel, U.

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, Ph.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bray, I.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carney, J. P.

N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerrina, F.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Danjo, A.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986) Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

DiMauro, L. F.

L. F. DiMauro and P. Agostini, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, H.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Egbert, A.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eichmann, H.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, D. B. Milos̆ević, and G. G. Paulus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063415 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gajda, M.

Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).

Goulon, J.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Goulon-Ginet, C.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

He, D.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heinäsmäki, S.

S. Heinäsmäki, J. Phys. B 32, 4321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kheifets, A.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kopold, R.

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986) Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, F.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'Huillier, A.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, W.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, S.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Manakov, N. L.

N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McIver, J. K.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meremianin, A. V.

N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Milos?evic, D. B.

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milos̆ević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063403 (2000); D. B. Milos̆ević and W. Becker, Phys. Rev. A 62, 011403(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, D. B. Milos̆ević, and G. G. Paulus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063415 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Modesti, S.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, C. R.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nealey, P.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, K.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, D. B. Milos̆ević, and G. G. Paulus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 063415 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peacock, R. D.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Piraux, B.

Ph. Antoine, B. Piraux, D. B. Milos̆ević, and M. Gajda, Laser Phys. 7, 594 (1997).

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994) ; D. B. Milos̆ević and B. Piraux, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1522 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pratt, R. H.

N. L. Manakov, A. V. Meremianin, J. P. Carney, and R. H. Pratt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 032711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prosperi, T.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rogalev, A.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schütz, G.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sette, F.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Singh-Gasson, S.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soejima, K.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, B. H.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solak, H. H.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stähler, S.

C. T. Chen, F. Sette, Y. Ma, and S. Modesti, Phys. Rev. B 42, R7262 (1990); S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert, Phys. Rev. B 47, 818 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, B.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stulen, R. H.

R. H. Stulen, Microelectron. Eng. 46, 19 (1999) ; R. H. Stulen and D. W. Sweeney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stulen, Microelectron. Eng. 46, 19 (1999) ; R. H. Stulen and D. W. Sweeney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sweeney, D. W.

R. H. Stulen, Microelectron. Eng. 46, 19 (1999) ; R. H. Stulen and D. W. Sweeney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Turchini, S.

L. Alagna, T. Prosperi, S. Turchini, J. Goulon, A. Rogalev, C. Goulon-Ginet, C. R. Natoli, R. D. Peacock, and B. Stewart, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4799 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, B. Wellegehausen, W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, Phys. Rev. A 51, R3414 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Witte, K.

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yagishita, A.

A. Kheifets, I. Bray, K. Soejima, A. Danjo, K. Okuno, and A. Yagishita, J. Phys. B 32, L501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. M.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

See, for example, review articles: P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, Ph. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999); T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. F. DiMauro and P. Agostini, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. H. Solak, D. He, W. Li, S. Singh-Gasson, F. Cerrina, B. H. Sohn, X. M. Yang, and P. Nealey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

U. Andiel, G. D. Tsakiris, E. Cormier, and K. Witte, Europhys. Lett. 47, 42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Harmonic emission rates as functions of harmonic order for the monochromatic linearly polarized laser field with frequencies ω and 2ω. The photon energy is ω=1.6 eV, and the laser field intensity is equal to the saturation intensity, which is 8.3×1014 W/cm2 for Ne and 1.5×1015 W/cm2 for He.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Harmonic emission rates as functions of harmonic order for the ω2ω counterrotating circularly polarized laser field with the intensities of its components indicated in the form I1I2 and expressed in units of 1014 W/cm2. The laser photon energy is ω=1.6 eV, and the results for He are shown. The 61st-harmonic emission rate for a linearly polarized ω field with intensity equal to the saturation intensity of He is represented by the asterisk labeled L61.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ratio of the 61st-harmonic emission rate w61CI1,I2 for the ω2ω circularly polarized field whose coplanar components rotate in opposite directions over the 61st-harmonic emission rate w61LIs for a linearly polarized ω field with an intensity equal to the saturation intensity of He. The intensity I2 of the 2ω component is chosen such that the maximum intensity of the total circularly polarized field is equal to Is. The thicker curve represents I2 as a function of I1; the other parameters are as in Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

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Et=12iE11+12eˆ1-i1eˆ2expiωt+E11+22eˆ1-i2eˆ2expi2ωt+φ+c.c.,

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