Abstract

We demonstrate that high-order harmonics generated by short, intense laser pulses in gases provide an interesting radiation source for extreme ultraviolet interferometry, since they are tunable, coherent, of short pulse duration, and simple to manipulate. Harmonics from the 9th to the 15th are used to measure the thickness of an aluminum layer. The 11th harmonic is used to determine the spatial distribution of the electron density of a plasma produced by a 300-ps laser. Electronic densities higher than 21020 electrons/cm3 are measured.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Haight and D. Peale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3979 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Bouhal, R. Evans, G. Grillon, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. Constantinescu, H. Muller, and D. von der Linde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 950 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Smith, E. Shiles, and A. Inokuti, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 369; F. Gervais, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 761.
  17. S. Hueller, Centre de Physique Théorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, France (personal communication, July, 1999).

1999 (3)

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhal, R. Evans, G. Grillon, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. Constantinescu, H. Muller, and D. von der Linde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 950 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

R. Haight and D. Peale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhal, R. Evans, G. Grillon, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. Constantinescu, H. Muller, and D. von der Linde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 950 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Albert, F.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Altucci, C.

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barbee, T.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bellini, M.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouhal, A.

Breger, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhal, R. Evans, G. Grillon, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. Constantinescu, H. Muller, and D. von der Linde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 950 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cauble, R.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Celliers, P.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chauvineau, J.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A.

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciarlo, D.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Constantinescu, R.

Da Silva, L.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Descamps, D.

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ditmire, T.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, R.

Gaarde, M.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Garzella, D.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gisselbrecht, M.

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Glover, T.

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

Grumbell, E.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haight, R.

R. Haight and D. Peale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haroutunian, R.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hässner, R.

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hueller, S.

S. Hueller, Centre de Physique Théorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, France (personal communication, July, 1999).

Hutchinson, M.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inokuti, A.

D. Smith, E. Shiles, and A. Inokuti, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 369; F. Gervais, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 761.

Jaeglé, P.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jamelot, G.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joyeux, D.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klisnick, A.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lagron, J.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, J.

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Libby, S.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

London, R.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyngå, C.

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, D.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mevel, E.

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mével, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, M.

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, J.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mrowka, S.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H.

Murnane, M.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Peale, D.

R. Haight and D. Peale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phalippou, D.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ress, D.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roos, L.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ross, D.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schoenlein, R.

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sebban, S.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C.

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiles, E.

D. Smith, E. Shiles, and A. Inokuti, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 369; F. Gervais, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 761.

Smith, D.

D. Smith, E. Shiles, and A. Inokuti, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 369; F. Gervais, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 761.

Smith, R.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svanberg, S.

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Theobald, W.

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tisch, J.

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tozzi, A.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trebes, J.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valette, A.

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

Wahlström, C.-G.

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wan, A.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, F.

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wülker, C.

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zerne, R.

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (2)

J. Larsson, E. Mevel, R. Zerne, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and S. Svanberg, J. Phys. B 28, L53 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, J. Phys. B 29, 4771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Albert, D. Joyeux, P. Jaeglé, A. Carillon, J. Chauvineau, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, J. Lagron, D. Phalippou, D. Ross, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, Opt. Commun. 142, 184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Roos, E. Constant, E. Mével, P. Balcou, D. Descamps, M. Gaarde, A. Valette, R. Haroutunian, and A. L’Huillier, Phys. Rev. A 60, 5010 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

T. Ditmire, E. Grumbell, R. Smith, J. Tisch, D. Meyerhofer, and M. Hutchinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Glover, R. Schoenlein, A. Chin, and C. Shank, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zerne, C. Altucci, M. Bellini, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, C. Lyngå, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1006 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. Gaarde, T. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Da Silva, T. Barbee, R. Cauble, P. Celliers, D. Ciarlo, S. Libby, R. London, D. Matthews, S. Mrowka, J. Moreno, D. Ress, J. Trebes, A. Wan, and F. Weber, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gisselbrecht, D. Descamps, C. Lyngå, A. L’Huillier, C.-G. Wahlström, and M. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4607 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Haight and D. Peale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Theobald, R. Hässner, C. Wülker, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

D. Smith, E. Shiles, and A. Inokuti, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985), p. 369; F. Gervais, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 761.

S. Hueller, Centre de Physique Théorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, France (personal communication, July, 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interference pattern with the 13th harmonic through an aluminum step filter (two-shot integration). The envelope of the spatial distribution of the harmonic beam is removed by use of a Fourier-transform technique.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot interference patterns obtained with the 11th harmonic (a) without plasma and (b), (c) with plasma. The positions of the plasma are shown in the figure, together with isodensity lines (dashed curves).

Equations (1)

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N=0d1-nrefλdxd2λNeNcr.

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