Abstract

The effect of varying the relative arrival time of the two laser pulses employed in doubly resonant four-wave sum mixing, enhanced by induced transparency, is studied with the aim of optimizing the efficiency of vacuum-ultraviolet generation. With atomic hydrogen as the nonlinear medium, pulsed radiation with wavelengths of 243 and 656 nm and durations of 8 and 14 ns, respectively, is mixed to generate 103-nm coherent radiation. It is shown that by delaying the arrival time of the ground-state pump beam (243 nm) by 2.5–3.5 ns relative to the arrival of the upper-state coupling beam (656 nm), it is possible to enhance the generated intensity by a factor of 2 or more.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Wang and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1879 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. I. Thompson, “Four-wave sum-mixing with induced transparency in atomic hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 1994).

1999

1998

L. Deng, M. G. Payne, and W. R. Garrett, Phys. Rev. A 58, 707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Wang and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1879 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

S. E. Harris and Z.-F. Luo, Phys. Rev. A 52, R928 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

L. Marmet, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1038 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

1984

M. G. Littman, Appl. Opt. 24, 4465 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Bergmann, K.

Bethune, D. S.

Deng, L.

L. Deng, M. G. Payne, and W. R. Garrett, Phys. Rev. A 58, 707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Field, J. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleishhauer, M.

Garrett, W. R.

L. Deng, M. G. Payne, and W. R. Garrett, Phys. Rev. A 58, 707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaubatz, U.

Grobe, R.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hakuta, K.

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marmet, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1038 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Appl. Phys. B 60, S129 (1990).

Harris, S. E.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and Z.-F. Luo, Phys. Rev. A 52, R928 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, G.-Z.

Hioe, F. T.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, M.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragawa, M.

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhn, A.

Littman, M. G.

M. G. Littman, Appl. Opt. 24, 4465 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.-F.

S. E. Harris and Z.-F. Luo, Phys. Rev. A 52, R928 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marmet, L.

L. Marmet, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1038 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marriam, A. J.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, M.

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, M. G.

L. Deng, M. G. Payne, and W. R. Garrett, Phys. Rev. A 58, 707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rabitz, H.

N. Wang and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1879 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudecki, P.

Schiemann, S.

Stoicheff, B. P.

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marmet, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1038 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Appl. Phys. B 60, S129 (1990).

Thompson, R. I.

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Appl. Phys. B 60, S129 (1990).

R. I. Thompson, “Four-wave sum-mixing with induced transparency in atomic hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 1994).

Wang, N.

N. Wang and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1879 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, H.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. Z.

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Appl. Phys. B 60, S129 (1990).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Appl. Phys. B 60, S129 (1990).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

L. Marmet, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1038 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A

G. Z. Zhang, M. Katsuragawa, K. Hakuta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, M. G. Payne, and W. R. Garrett, Phys. Rev. A 58, 707 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and Z.-F. Luo, Phys. Rev. A 52, R928 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Wang and H. Rabitz, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1879 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Marriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Opt.

R. I. Thompson, B. P. Stoicheff, G. Z. Zhang, and K. Hakuta, Quantum Opt. 6, 349 (1994); K. Hakuta, G. Z. Zhang, M. Ohta, R. I. Thompson, and B. P. Stoicheff, in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. Bloomfield, T. Gallagher, and D. Larsen, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 279; G. Z. Zhang, K. Hakuta, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3099 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. I. Thompson, “Four-wave sum-mixing with induced transparency in atomic hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 1994).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus. EMT, electron multiplier tube. , path of M2 mirror translation (see text). (a) Partial energy-level diagram for atomic hydrogen, (b) incident laser beam temporal profiles (1.7-ns delay).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

VUV power and ion signal normalized for incident laser powers, as a function of 2νb frequency for several pulse delay values and νc powers of (a) 100 W and (b) 3 kW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured VUV power at the Autler–Townes peak as a function of pulse delay for νc laser powers of 100 W (crosses) and 3 kW (open circles). (b) Calculated VUV power at line center in the high-density limit (see text) as a function of pulse delay with 3-kW νc-laser power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

VUV power temporal pulse shapes at maximum generated power for various pulse delays.

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