Abstract

We demonstrate a 1.5µm-wavelength fiber laser formed by placement of glass microsphere resonators along a fiber taper. The fiber taper serves the dual purpose of transporting optical pump power into the spheres and extracting the resulting laser emission. A highly doped erbium:ytterbium phosphate glass was used to form microsphere resonant cavities with large gain at 1.5 µm. Laser threshold pump powers of 60 µW and fiber-coupled output powers as high as 3 µW with single-mode operation were obtained. A bisphere laser system consisting of two microspheres attached to a single fiber taper is also demonstrated.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
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2000 (2)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai and K. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 25, 260 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (5)

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 24, 723 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Arnold, S.

Baer, T.

Birks, T. A.

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai and K. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 25, 260 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, G.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Griffel, G.

Hare, J.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Lefevre-Seguin and S. Haroche, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 48, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 24, 723 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky and V. S. Ilchenko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, F.

Jahier, E.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jimba, Y.

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Lefevre-Seguin and S. Haroche, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 48, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Serguin, V.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lissillour, F.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, R.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Miyazaki, H.

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mukaiyama, T.

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raimond, J. M.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J. F.

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Serpenguzel, A.

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, K.

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, G. H. B.

G. H. B. Thompson, Physics of Semiconductor Laser Devices (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Treussart, F.

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai and K. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 25, 260 (2000).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Serguin, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

F. Treussart, V. S. Ilchenko, J. F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

V. Lefevre-Seguin and S. Haroche, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 48, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, H. Miyazaki, Y. Jimba, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. H. B. Thompson, Physics of Semiconductor Laser Devices (Wiley, New York, 1980).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Image of the taper in contact with the equator of the microsphere. (b) Color image of the green upconverted photoluminescence from the taper-pumped microsphere, where the pump wavelength is tuned close to a fundamental m=l WG mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoluminescence spectra [taken at point (a) in Fig. 3, below] of the microsphere for an annular pump region about the equator. The photoluminescence (inset) is taken at point (b) in Fig. 3 (wavelength range matching that of the main spectra), where the side-mode suppression is 26 dB.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Collected laser output power versus absorbed pump power in the microsphere Lout-Lin. Inset, spectral output of a Fabry–Perot filter, showing the single-mode nature of the microsphere laser, where for reference a single-frequency laser with a known linewidth of 300 kHz is also shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bisphere system in which two spheres have been placed on the same taper and pumped by a single 980-nm laser source, producing two separate laser lines, at 1533 and 1535 nm.

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