Abstract

A new structural waveguide, which is referred to as a channel–planar composite optical waveguide (COWG), has been fabricated by sputtering of a titanium dioxide TiO2 film onto a glass substrate with potassium ion-exchanged channel waveguides. By use of a mask during deposition, the TiO2 film was formed into a 27-nm-thick, 5-mm-wide strip with two 1-mm-long tapered ends perpendicular to the channel waveguides. Adiabatic transition of the TE00 mode and the TE00TM00 mode separation inside such a channel–planar COWG were demonstrated by combination of theoretical analysis and measurement of the experimental attenuation that arises from scattering loss and evanescent-field dye absorption. Changing the superstrate index in the region of the TiO2 film in the channel–planar COWG yielded polarimetric interference patterns. This new technique can be applied to integrated optical chemical and biological sensors to produce enhanced sensitivity.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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2000

1996

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. Klein and E. Voges, Sensors Actuators B 11, 221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, and G. Gauglitz, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 346, 580 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

Y. Liu, P. Hering, and M. O. Scully, Appl. Phys. B 54, 18 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Fabricius, G. Gauglitz, and J. Ingenhoff, Sensors Actuators B 7, 672 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975

Boiarski, A. A.

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

Busch, J. R.

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. M.

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drapp, B.

J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, and G. Gauglitz, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 346, 580 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Efstathiou, C.

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fabricius, N.

N. Fabricius, G. Gauglitz, and J. Ingenhoff, Sensors Actuators B 7, 672 (1992).
[CrossRef]

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, and G. Gauglitz, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 346, 580 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Fabricius, G. Gauglitz, and J. Ingenhoff, Sensors Actuators B 7, 672 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Götz, H.

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hering, P.

Y. Liu, P. Hering, and M. O. Scully, Appl. Phys. B 54, 18 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hollenbach, U.

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ingenhoff, J.

J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, and G. Gauglitz, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 346, 580 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Fabricius, G. Gauglitz, and J. Ingenhoff, Sensors Actuators B 7, 672 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Z.-M. Qi, K. Itoh, M. Murabayashi, and H. Yanagi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Itoh and M. Murabayashi, Trends in Physical Chemistry, Council of Scientific Research Integration, eds. (Research Trends, Trivandrum, India, 1991), p. 179.

Klein, R.

R. Klein and E. Voges, Sensors Actuators B 11, 221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, P. Hering, and M. O. Scully, Appl. Phys. B 54, 18 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, L. S.

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Milton, A. F.

Murabayashi, M.

Z.-M. Qi, K. Itoh, M. Murabayashi, and H. Yanagi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Itoh and M. Murabayashi, Trends in Physical Chemistry, Council of Scientific Research Integration, eds. (Research Trends, Trivandrum, India, 1991), p. 179.

Nishizawa, K.

K. Nishizawa, E. Sudo, M. Yoshida, and T. Yamasaki, presented at the Optical Fiber Sensor Conference, Tokyo, 1986).

Oeste, H.

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Z.-M.

Qing, D. K.

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ridgway, R. W.

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

Y. Liu, P. Hering, and M. O. Scully, Appl. Phys. B 54, 18 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, E.

K. Nishizawa, E. Sudo, M. Yoshida, and T. Yamasaki, presented at the Optical Fiber Sensor Conference, Tokyo, 1986).

Turhan-Sayan, G.

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Voges, E.

R. Klein and E. Voges, Sensors Actuators B 11, 221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamasaki, T.

K. Nishizawa, E. Sudo, M. Yoshida, and T. Yamasaki, presented at the Optical Fiber Sensor Conference, Tokyo, 1986).

Yanagi, H.

Yoshida, M.

K. Nishizawa, E. Sudo, M. Yoshida, and T. Yamasaki, presented at the Optical Fiber Sensor Conference, Tokyo, 1986).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Liu, P. Hering, and M. O. Scully, Appl. Phys. B 54, 18 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem.

J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, and G. Gauglitz, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 346, 580 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Rev.

X. M. Chen, D. K. Qing, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, Opt. Rev. 3, 351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. A. Boiarski, R. W. Ridgway, J. R. Busch, G. Turhan-Sayan, and L. S. Miller, Proc. SPIE 1587, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

U. Hollenbach, C. Efstathiou, N. Fabricius, H. Oeste, and H. Götz, Proc. SPIE 1014, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sensors Actuators B

N. Fabricius, G. Gauglitz, and J. Ingenhoff, Sensors Actuators B 7, 672 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Klein and E. Voges, Sensors Actuators B 11, 221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Itoh and M. Murabayashi, Trends in Physical Chemistry, Council of Scientific Research Integration, eds. (Research Trends, Trivandrum, India, 1991), p. 179.

K. Nishizawa, E. Sudo, M. Yoshida, and T. Yamasaki, presented at the Optical Fiber Sensor Conference, Tokyo, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a channel–planar COWG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring attenuation and polarimetric interference with the TiO2K+ channel–planar COWG as the sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarimetric intereference pattern caused by change of the superstrate index in the region of the TiO2 film of the channel–planar COWG sample.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Attenuations of the TE00 and the TM00 Modes from Scattering Loss and Evanescent-Field Absorptiona

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