Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate that one can exploit nonlinear phase shifts produced in type I phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation to produce intensity-dependent polarization evolution with 100-fs pulses. An amplitude modulator based on nonlinear polarization rotation provides passive amplitude-modulation depth of up to 50%. Applications of the amplitude and phase modulations to mode locking of femtosecond bulk and fiber lasers are promising and are discussed.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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V. Couderc, F. Louradour, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. 166, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 24, 166 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 24, 1777 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

1993

1992

1991

1990

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

N. R. Belashenkov, S. V. Gagarskii, and M. V. Inoch-kin, Opt. Spectrosc. 66, 1383 (1989).

1982

1972

C. H. Lin and T. K. Gustafson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 429 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

Ashkin, A.

Bakker, H. J.

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barthelemy, A.

V. Couderc, F. Louradour, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. 166, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Lefort and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 20, 1749 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Belashenkov, N. R.

N. R. Belashenkov, S. V. Gagarskii, and M. V. Inoch-kin, Opt. Spectrosc. 66, 1383 (1989).

Botineau, J.

Buchvarov, I.

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Saltiel, K. Koynov, and I. Buchvarov, Appl. Phys. B 63, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

V. Couderc, F. Louradour, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. 166, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DeSalvo, R.

Fermann, M. E.

Gagarskii, S. V.

N. R. Belashenkov, S. V. Gagarskii, and M. V. Inoch-kin, Opt. Spectrosc. 66, 1383 (1989).

Gustafson, T. K.

C. H. Lin and T. K. Gustafson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 429 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Hagan, D. J.

Harter, D.

Hofer, M.

Iglev, Ch.

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inoch-kin, M. V.

N. R. Belashenkov, S. V. Gagarskii, and M. V. Inoch-kin, Opt. Spectrosc. 66, 1383 (1989).

Koynov, K.

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Saltiel, K. Koynov, and I. Buchvarov, Appl. Phys. B 63, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefort, L.

Lin, C. H.

C. H. Lin and T. K. Gustafson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 429 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Louradour, F.

V. Couderc, F. Louradour, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. 166, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

Ober, M. H.

Planken, P. C. M.

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, L.

Saltiel, S.

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Saltiel, K. Koynov, and I. Buchvarov, Appl. Phys. B 63, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Silberberg, Y.

Stegeman, G.

Stock, M. L.

Stolen, R. H.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Vienne, G. G.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 24, 166 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Saltiel, K. Koynov, and I. Buchvarov, Appl. Phys. B 63, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. H. Lin and T. K. Gustafson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 429 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

V. Couderc, F. Louradour, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Commun. 166, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Buchvarov, S. Saltiel, Ch. Iglev, and K. Koynov, Opt. Commun. 141, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc.

N. R. Belashenkov, S. V. Gagarskii, and M. V. Inoch-kin, Opt. Spectrosc. 66, 1383 (1989).

Phys. Rev. A

H. J. Bakker, P. C. M. Planken, L. Kuipers, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. A 42, 4085 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. OPA, optical parametric amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental (triangles with error bars) and calculated intensity-dependent transmittance obtained with an analytic expression (curves) and numerical simulations (circles) at phase mismatches of (a) -14π, (b) -20π, (c) -30π, and (d) -120π. As expected, the results of the numerical simulations and the analytic expression diverge with increasing nonlinearity. Note that the transmittance scale changes between plots.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (triangles with error bars) and calculated transmittance based on analytic expression (curves) and numerical simulations (circles) versus phase mismatch at I=7 GW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Input pulse spectrum and transmitted pulse spectra at (b) I=0.7 GW/cm2, ΔkL=-20π, (c) I=7 GW/cm2, ΔkL=-14π, and (d) I=7 GW/cm2, ΔkL=-120π. Spectral widths Δ are shown.

Equations (2)

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T=1-sin22αsin2ΔΦNL/2.
ΔΦNL-Γ2L2/ΔkLΔI/I,

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