Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first experimental evidence of nonlinear beam displacement in a strip-loaded GaAs/AlGaAs multiple-quantum-well waveguide with an asymmetric, nonlinear cladding. An intensity-dependent spatial displacement of 2 µm was observed for the guided mode at a wavelength of 1.55 µm. Numerical simulations that correspond to the experiment are also presented. The device has the potential of providing a soliton-emission-based, ultrafast all-optical switch.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 24, 114 (1976).
  2. A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JETP 45, 896 (1977).
  3. W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, and A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. W. Smith and W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 30 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. N. Akhmediev, Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 299 (1982).
  6. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Langbein, F. Lederer, and H.-E. Ponath, Opt. Commun. 53, 417 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1701 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).
  10. C. K. R. T. Jones and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Leine, C. Wächter, U. Langbein, and F. Lederer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 547 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Mihalache, D.-M. Baboiu, D. Mazilu, L. Torner, and J. P. Torres, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1244 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Godbout and S. I. Najafi, Opt. Eng. 32, 2064 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. P. Torres and L. Torner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 45 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. S. Kivshar and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4750 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Vach, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 9, 238 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 330.
  23. P. Dumais, A. Villeneuve, A. Saher-Helmy, and J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Express 2, 455 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. J. Deri and M. A. Emanuel, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4667 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. Michinel, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 537 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1998

1997

H. Michinel, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

R. J. Deri and M. A. Emanuel, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

N. Godbout and S. I. Najafi, Opt. Eng. 32, 2064 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Kivshar and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4750 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

1986

C. K. R. T. Jones and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

U. Langbein, F. Lederer, and H.-E. Ponath, Opt. Commun. 53, 417 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1701 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).

1984

P. W. Smith and W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 30 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. Vach, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 9, 238 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

1977

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JETP 45, 896 (1977).

1976

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 24, 114 (1976).

Aceves, A. B.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Adachihara, H.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

P. Dumais, A. Villeneuve, A. Saher-Helmy, and J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Express 2, 455 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

N. N. Akhmediev, Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 299 (1982).

Ariyasu, J.

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baboiu, D.-M.

Boardman, A. D.

A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1701 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chilwell, J.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chilwell, J. T.

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Deri, R. J.

R. J. Deri and M. A. Emanuel, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dumais, P.

Egan, P.

A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1701 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

R. J. Deri and M. A. Emanuel, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Godbout, N.

N. Godbout and S. I. Najafi, Opt. Eng. 32, 2064 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Hamilton, C. J.

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heatley, D. R.

E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, D. C.

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iwamura, H.

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jones, C. K. R. T.

C. K. R. T. Jones and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. E.

W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Gordon, P. W. Smith, and A. E. Kaplan, Appl. Opt. 21, 2041 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JETP 45, 896 (1977).

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 24, 114 (1976).

Kennedy, G. T.

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Y. S. Kivshar and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4750 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langbein, U.

Lederer, F.

Leine, L.

Lin, C.-H.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-H.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mai, X.

C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 330.

Marsh, J. H.

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, D.

Michinel, H.

H. Michinel, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mihalache, D.

Mikami, O.

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, T.

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. K. R. T. Jones and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Najafi, S. I.

N. Godbout and S. I. Najafi, Opt. Eng. 32, 2064 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Newell, A. C.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ponath, H.-E.

U. Langbein, F. Lederer, and H.-E. Ponath, Opt. Commun. 53, 417 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Y. S. Kivshar and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4750 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saher-Helmy, A.

Seaton, C. T.

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. Vach, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 9, 238 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoemaker, R. L.

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W.

Smith, S. D.

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).

H. Vach, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 9, 238 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Torner, L.

Torres, J. P.

Vach, H.

Valera, J. D.

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Varatharajah, P.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

P. Dumais, A. Villeneuve, A. Saher-Helmy, and J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Express 2, 455 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wächter, C.

Wakatsuki, A.

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 830 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Moloney, J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 826 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hamilton, J. H. Marsh, D. C. Hutchings, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3078 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1701 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith and W. J. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 30 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, and H.-H. Lin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2934 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Suzuki, H. Iwamura, T. Miyazawa, A. Wakatsuki, and O. Mikami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. J. Deri and M. A. Emanuel, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

A. B. Aceves, P. Varatharajah, A. C. Newell, E. M. Wright, G. I. Stegeman, D. R. Heatley, J. V. Moloney, and H. Adachihara, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

JETP Lett.

A. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 24, 114 (1976).

Opt. Commun.

U. Langbein, F. Lederer, and H.-E. Ponath, Opt. Commun. 53, 417 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

N. Godbout and S. I. Najafi, Opt. Eng. 32, 2064 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

C. K. R. T. Jones and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep.

E. M. Wright, D. R. Heatley, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rep. 194, 309 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

Y. S. Kivshar and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4750 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pure Appl. Opt.

H. Michinel, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

N. N. Akhmediev, Sov. Phys. JETP 56, 299 (1982).

A. E. Kaplan, Sov. Phys. JETP 45, 896 (1977).

Other

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991), p. 330.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Waveguide and device structures: WG, waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Beam profiles at the device output face at low and high intensity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input and output profiles for several peak input intensities, illustrating the near-emission and the emission of a spatial soliton. The peak intensities given are effective intensities, represented by ψ 2 / T eff in Eq. (1).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2 ψ z , x x 2 - 2 i β 0 ψ z , x z + β 2 x - β 0 2 + 2 k 0 2 n 0 n 2 x T eff ψ x , z 2 - i β 0 α ψ z , x = 0 ,

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