A coherent Doppler lidar system was frequency stabilized in a master–slave configuration by a phase-modulation technique. The short-term frequency stability, rms, was maintained in a vibrational environment on a ship during a field campaign in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The long-term frequency stability was . Thus, in many applications, shot-to-shot frequency correction can be disregarded, which will result in increased speed and simplicity of the data-acquisition system. A frequency chirp could not be detected. These properties permit Doppler wind measurements with high efficiency and duty cycles to be made, even on airborne and spaceborne platforms.
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