Abstract

The temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion is examined for various types of fiber. Its coefficient is found to depend strongly on the dispersion slope. Dispersion-flattened fiber has a significantly low coefficient of -0.0005ps/nm/km/°C, compared with -0.0038ps/nm/km/°C for large-core nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber. Transmission lines with low dispersion slopes consisting of pure silica core fiber and dispersion-compensating fiber also exhibit low coefficients of less than -0.001ps/nm/km/°C because of their compensating effects.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.
  2. D. W. Peckman, A. F. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.
  3. W. H. Hatton and N. Nishimura, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1552 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. S. Kim and M. E. Lines, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2069 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.
  6. Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.
  7. T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. S. Kim and M. E. Lines, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2069 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

W. H. Hatton and N. Nishimura, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hatton, W. H.

W. H. Hatton and N. Nishimura, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, A.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Hirano, M.

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Ishibashi, T.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Judy, A. F.

D. W. Peckman, A. F. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Kato, T.

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Kikuchi, H.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim and M. E. Lines, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2069 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kummer, R. B.

D. W. Peckman, A. F. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Kuwahara, S.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Lines, M. E.

K. S. Kim and M. E. Lines, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2069 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Makio, Y.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Mitomi, O.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Miyazawa, H.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Nakamura, M.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Nishimura, N.

W. H. Hatton and N. Nishimura, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ohga, Y.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Otsuji, T.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Peckman, D. W.

D. W. Peckman, A. F. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Sasaoka, E.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Sato, K.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Toba, H.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Tsukitani, M.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yanada, E.

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, Y.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

Yonenaga, K.

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Yoneyama, M.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 35, 1615 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsukitani, T. Kato, E. Yanada, M. Hirano, M. Nakamura, Y. Ohga, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, Electron. Lett. 36, 64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. S. Kim and M. E. Lines, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2069 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. H. Hatton and N. Nishimura, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

K. Yonenaga, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Miyamoto, H. Toba, K. Sato, and O. Mitomi, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, T. Otsuji, A. Hirano, H. Kikuchi, T. Ishibashi, and H. Miyazawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 128.

D. W. Peckman, A. F. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, September 20–24, 1998.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive-index profiles of test fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of dispersion measured as a function of temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Examples of spectral dispersion measured at two temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relationship between the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion and the dispersion slope.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Estimation of the maximum transmission distance imposed by a temperature variation of 50 deg.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of Test Fibers

Equations (1)

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dD/dTdλ0/dT×S,

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