We describe an optical parametric oscillator based on aperiodically poled lithium niobate that generates nearly transform-limited 53-fs duration pulses at a center wavelength of 3 µm, corresponding to only 5 optical cycles. Results are presented illustrating the effect of pump- and grating-period chirp on the idler pulses, and a configuration capable of producing idler bandwidths in excess of 700 nm is discussed.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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1998 (2)

1997 (4)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

Arbore, M. A.

Baltuska, A.

Brabec, T.

Cerullo, G.

Chou, M. H.

Christov, I. P.

Curley, P. F.

De Silvestri, S.

Fejer, M. M.

Galvanauskas, A.

Harter, D.

Huang, C. P.

Jung, I. D.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kartner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Krausz, F.

Marco, O.

Matuscheck, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Murnane, M. M.

Nisoli, M.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Scheuer, V.

Schmidt, A. J.

Spielmann, C.

Stagira, S.

Sutter, D. H.

Svelto, O.

Szipocs, R.

Tilsch, M.

Tschudi, T.

Valiulis, G.

Varanavicius, A.

Wei, Z. Y.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wintner, E.

Xu, L.

Zhang, G.

Zhou, J. P.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of optical parametric generation with idler-pulse compression in APPLN.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic layout of the OPO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured idler-pulse duration as second-order dispersion of the pump pulse is increased. (a) Pump-duration variation as the pulse is chirped. (b) Idler-pulse duration with varying pump chirp for the negatively chirped 22.0023.54µm grating. (c) Idler-pulse duration with the uniform grating of 22.96 µm. (d) Idler-pulse duration for the positively chirped grating, 23.5422.00 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Idler interferometric autocorrelation and (b) idler spectrum. The spectral bandwidth is 270 nm, and the pulse duration inferred from the best-fit autocorrelation profile is 53 fs. The duration bandwidth product is 0.48.

Equations (3)

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