Abstract

We report the demonstration of laser amplification at 52.9 nm in Ne-like Cl with a compact capillary discharge. Laser output pulses with energies of as much as 10 µJ have been obtained. The beam divergence was approximately 4 mrad. This new 23.4-eV tabletop laser is of particular interest for applications that require high peak fluxes of photons with energy slightly below the He photoionization threshold.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).
  5. J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).
  10. B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 24, 1115 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).
  14. Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (4)

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 24, 1115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balmer, F. E.

R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Benware, B. R.

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 24, 1115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, E. R.

M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, D. P.

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cortazar, O. D.

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, J.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A. Ya.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fill, E. E.

Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Foltin, M.

M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).

Fournier, K. B.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Golstov, A.

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goltsov, A.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

Gordon, C. L.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hartshorn, D.

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, J. R.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, M.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Korobkin, D.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lowenthal, F.

R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Macchietto, C. D.

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 24, 1115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

Moon, S. J.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, C. H.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morozov, A.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

Nam, C. H.

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nickles, P. V.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osterheld, A. L.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pikuz, T. A.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pretzler, G.

Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

C. D. Macchietto, B. R. Benware, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 24, 1115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnurer, M.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sheperd, S.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stewards, R. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stuber, J. G.

M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).

Suckewer, S.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomasel, F. G.

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tommasini, R.

R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

White, W. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Foltin, J. G. Stuber, and E. R. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. III, 9577 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. Tommasini, F. Lowenthal, and F. E. Balmer, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

F. G. Tomasel, J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and C. D. Macchietto, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1437 (1996).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

J. J. Rocca, D. P. Clark, J. L. A. Chilla, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalashnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, S. Sheperd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, V. N. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortazar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1576 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, S. Suckewer, and A. Golstov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1476 (1998).

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, S. J. Moon, K. B. Fournier, J. R. Hunter, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Proc. SPIE 3776, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

On-axis emission spectra of the Cl capillary discharge plasma in the region from 30 to 70 nm: spectra corresponding to (a) a 120-mTorr discharge and (b) a 224-mTorr discharge. In (b) the dominance of the 59.2-nm Ne-like Cl transition is a clear indication of strong amplification.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal evolution of the laser output pulse. Inset, the signal recorded with a fast vacuum photodiode and a 1-GHz-bandwidth analog oscilloscope. The signal corrected for the limited bandwidth of the detection system yields a laser FWHM pulse width of 1.46 ns.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Image of the laser beam recorded at a distance of 97 cm from the end of the capillary. (a) Recorded image. The structure observed in the picture is due to the mesh that was used to sustain the Al–Si filter. (b) The same image after digital filtering. (c) Intensity distribution of the filtered image.

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