Abstract

Gamma-ray-irradiated light-flint silicate bulk glass (Schott Glass LF5), which contains a large amount of lead oxide, displays enhanced photoinduced quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation (PSHG), whereas nonirradiated glass under the same experimental conditions does not generate this nonlinear effect. The dependence of the efficiency of PSHG on the amount of gamma radiation (up to 530 krad) is experimentally studied, as is the role of thermal recovery (bleaching) of the color centers as a result of seeding with the second harmonic. The effect of long-term fading is studied with a sample that was irradiated 8 years ago. Gamma irradiation of boron-crown silicate glass (BK7) does not show this enhancement.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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1994 (1)

1992 (2)

M. J. Liepmann, L. Boehm, and Z. Vagish, Proc. SPIE 1761, 284 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Driscoll and N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 17, 571 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 16, 796 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

1990 (2)

E. V. Anoikin, E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 15, 834 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990); Y. Nageno, J. H. Kyung, and N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

H. Hanfusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1356 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

Angel, A. C.

J. Wong and A. C. Angel, Glass Structure by Spectroscopy (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1976), pp. 346–396, 612–659.

Anoikin, E. V.

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).

Boehm, L.

M. J. Liepmann, L. Boehm, and Z. Vagish, Proc. SPIE 1761, 284 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chu, J. H.

A. Kamal, D. A. Weinberger, and J. H. Chu, in OSA Annual Meeting, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuGG2.

Chudinov, A. N.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

E. V. Anoikin, E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 15, 834 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driscoll, T. J.

Hanfusa, H.

H. Hanfusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1356 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

H. Hanfusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1356 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

A. Kamal, D. A. Weinberger, and J. H. Chu, in OSA Annual Meeting, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuGG2.

Kazansky, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

E. V. Anoikin, E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 15, 834 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krautschik, C.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

Lawandy, N. M.

T. J. Driscoll and N. M. Lawandy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 355 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Driscoll and N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 17, 571 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990); Y. Nageno, J. H. Kyung, and N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liepmann, M. J.

M. J. Liepmann, L. Boehm, and Z. Vagish, Proc. SPIE 1761, 284 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Mizrahi, V.

Österberg, U.

Sipe, J. E.

Stepanov, D. Yu.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

E. V. Anoikin, E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 15, 834 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolen, R. H.

Tom, H. W. K.

Vagish, Z.

M. J. Liepmann, L. Boehm, and Z. Vagish, Proc. SPIE 1761, 284 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weinberger, D. A.

A. Kamal, D. A. Weinberger, and J. H. Chu, in OSA Annual Meeting, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuGG2.

Wong, J.

J. Wong and A. C. Angel, Glass Structure by Spectroscopy (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1976), pp. 346–396, 612–659.

Yamamoto, F.

H. Hanfusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1356 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hanfusa, Y. Hibino, and F. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1356 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990); Y. Nageno, J. H. Kyung, and N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. J. Liepmann, L. Boehm, and Z. Vagish, Proc. SPIE 1761, 284 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (1)

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krautschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

Other (3)

A. Kamal, D. A. Weinberger, and J. H. Chu, in OSA Annual Meeting, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper TuGG2.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).

J. Wong and A. C. Angel, Glass Structure by Spectroscopy (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1976), pp. 346–396, 612–659.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup (see text for details). PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Log–log plot of the saturated SHG signal as a function of the 532-nm seeding intensity for the 50-krad γ-irradiated sample. The solid curve is an aid to the reader, not a best fit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Saturated SHG conversion efficiency as a function of γ irradiation. An 8-year-old irradiated sample shows a smaller saturated signal, owing to fading of the color centers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission of the γ-irradiated glass at 532 nm before and after bleaching as a result of writing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Saturated SHG as functions of initial and final transmission after bleaching.

Equations (3)

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d/dtχ2nI2ωwritingIωwriting2.
n=n0 exp-αI2ωwritingt,
I2ωSHGχ2n01-exp-αI2ωwritingt.

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