Abstract

We present analytical and experimental results to demonstrate the narrowing of pulses transmitted through optical fibers, with polarization mode dispersion compensated for to first order in frequency. The compensation technique splits the optical signal at the fiber output into polarization components that are aligned with the output principal states of polarization, and only one of the two components is subsequently detected. It is shown that it is possible with this compensation technique to have output pulses that are narrower than the input pulses. Pulse narrowing can also be found when the optical signal is split into orthogonal polarization components that are not principal states of polarization.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Cameron, L. Chen, and X. Bao, Opt. Commun. 171, 15 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Bruyère, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Gisin and B. Hunter, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Huttner, C. De Barros, B. Gisin, and N. Gisin, Opt. Lett. 24, 370 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Chen and X. Bao, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 665 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000

1999

1997

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and B. Hunter, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

F. Bruyère, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986

C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

L. Chen and X. Bao, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cameron, L. Chen, and X. Bao, Opt. Commun. 171, 15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bruyère, F.

F. Bruyère, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, J.

J. Cameron, L. Chen, and X. Bao, Opt. Commun. 171, 15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

L. Chen and X. Bao, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cameron, L. Chen, and X. Bao, Opt. Commun. 171, 15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

De Barros, C.

Düser, M.

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Elbers, J.-P.

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fishman, D. A.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, B.

Gisin, N.

B. Huttner, C. De Barros, B. Gisin, and N. Gisin, Opt. Lett. 24, 370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and B. Hunter, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Glingener, C.

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gnauk, A. H.

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haas, Z.

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, B.

N. Gisin and B. Hunter, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

Pellaux, J. P.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Santoro, M. A.

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Voges, E.

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. E.

C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Winters, J. H.

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. D. Poole and R. E. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Düser, and E. Voges, Electron. Lett. 33, 1894 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. A. Fishman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin and B. Hunter, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Cameron, L. Chen, and X. Bao, Opt. Commun. 171, 15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

F. Bruyère, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. H. Winters, Z. Haas, M. A. Santoro, and A. H. Gnauk, Proc. SPIE 1787, 346 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Bottom, effective pulse broadening for the pulses received in the fast- and the slow-output PSP’s and the received pulse without PMD compensation as a function of ϕ, the angle describing the input SOP. Top, fractions of the total pulse energy received in the two PSP’s versus ϕ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: Laser, Hewlett-Packard HP81680A; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; PC’s, polarization controllers; PBS, polarization beam splitter; PM, powermeter; CA, communications analyzer (Hewlett-Packard HP83480A/83485B); PG, pulse generator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental demonstration of pulse narrowing: solid curve, input pulse; dashed curve, pulse received in an output PSP; dotted curve, pulse received in a SOP that is not a PSP. The dashed and the dotted curves are scaled to give the same amplitude as the input pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental demonstration of pulse narrowing: solid curve, input SOP; dashed curve, output pulse in a SOP that is not a PSP. The dashed curve has been scaled to give the same amplitude as the input pulse.

Equations (2)

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Pit=C exp-12tσi2,
P±t=a1±Pit+a2±Pit+τ/2+a3±Pit-π2+a4±Pit+τ+a5±Pit-τ,

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