Abstract

We demonstrate numerically that local conversion of dispersion-managed return-to-zero pulses into nonlinear Schrödinger solitons fully restores optical filtering control for energy stabilization, thus permitting the association of optical regeneration with dispersion-managed propagation. Experimental validation is achieved by means of 40-Gbit/s regenerated dispersion-managed loop transmission over 10,000 km.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.
  2. M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Matsumoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2831 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.
  6. O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1991 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abdelkader, H.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Boucherez, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brindel, P.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Chen, C. J.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Dany, B.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Davidson, C. R.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Desurvire, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Duchet, C.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kidorf, H. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leclerc, O.

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

Levonas, M. D.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Matsumoto, M.

Mills, M. A.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, P.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Pincemin, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Puc, A. B.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Ramanujam, N.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

Rouvillain, D.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, and K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27, 1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 35, 418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, Electron. Lett. 35, 730 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (2)

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, and E. Desurvire, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, September 26–30, 1999.

N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, P. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, A. B. Puc, M. D. Levonas, and H. Abdelkader, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Transmission line, (b) evolution of pulse position, and (c) average pulse power with propagation distance when classical regeneration is implemented.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission line and (b) average pulse power stabilization with distance when filters alone are implemented.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission line and (b) average pulse power stabilization when DM-to-standard-soliton conversion is realized before the filters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmission line, (b) evolution of pulse position, and (c) average pulse power versus propagation distance with DM-to-NLS soliton conversion before regeneration [dashed curves correspond to Figs. 1(b) and 1(c)].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental 40-Gbit/s loop configuration for evaluation of regenerated DM soliton transmission. Transmitter and receiver setups are shown in the insets. DFB, distributed feedback; EAM, electroabsorption modulator; IFBG, integrated fiber Bragg grating; A.O.’s, acousto-optics; DSF, dispersion-shifted fiber; MZ, Mach–Zehnder; PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

40- and 10-Gbit/s eye diagrams obtained before and after optical time-division demultiplexing (a) at a 1280-km distance for regeneration without DM-to-NLS soliton conversion and (b) at 10,000 km for insertion of a conversion fiber before regeneration.

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