Abstract

All-reflective interferometric gravitational-wave detector configurations with a diffraction grating as a power beam splitter have been proposed to reduce thermal lensing. We demonstrate the use of a diffraction grating as a polarization beam splitter in a zero-area polarization Sagnac interferometer.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Hello and J. Y. Vinet, J. Phys. France 51, 1267 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.
  5. R. Drever, in Proceedings of the 7th Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzon, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 1401–1406.
  6. K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, Appl. Opt. 37, 7995 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Sun and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 23, 567 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 24, 1112 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1354 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (2)

1996 (1)

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. Hello and J. Y. Vinet, J. Phys. France 51, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Beyersdorf, P.

Byer, R. L.

P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 24, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sun and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 23, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Danzmann, K.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeBra, D. B.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Drever, R.

R. Drever, in Proceedings of the 7th Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzon, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 1401–1406.

Fejer, M. M.

P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Beyersdorf, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 24, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Gray, M. B.

Gustafson, E. K.

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Hello, P.

P. Hello and J. Y. Vinet, J. Phys. France 51, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, D. E.

Michelson, P. F.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Mizuno, J.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, P. G.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rudiger, A.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schilling, R.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaddock, D. A.

Strain, K.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

K. Sun and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 23, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. E.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Vinet, J. Y.

P. Hello and J. Y. Vinet, J. Phys. France 51, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, W.

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. France (1)

P. Hello and J. Y. Vinet, J. Phys. France 51, 1267 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

K. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. Rudiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, Phys. Lett. A 194, 124 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, A. Rudiger, and R. Schilling, Phys. Rev. A 44, 7022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Sun, M. M. Fejer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,17 3053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Interferometer Program–GALILEO (proposal, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), pp. 14–16.

R. Drever, in Proceedings of the 7th Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzon, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 1401–1406.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured beam-splitting ratio of the diffraction grating as a function of polarization, in percent of incident light power. By adjustment of the polarization of the light the beam-splitting ratio can be optimized.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of (b), the all-refractive and (a), the transmissive zero-area polarization Sagnac interferometers with delay lines in the arms. A half-wave plate (HWP1) is used to adjust the polarization state of the input light at the symmetric port. The transmissive polarizing beam splitter (PBS1) is replaced with a grating that splits the polarization components. The diffracted order couples s-polarized light into the interferometer loop, and the specular order couples p-polarized light into the interferometer circulating in the opposite direction. A half-wave plate within the interferometer loop (HWP2) changes the polarization of the circulating light. The fringes of the interference are formed by the polarization components that are leaving the interferometer at the symmetric port. S1 is the signal at the symmetric port, and S2 is the signal at the asymmetric (dark) port. A phase modulator (EOM) was used to measure the interferometer’s frequency response. LP’s, linear polarizers; PBS’s, transmissive polarizing beam splitters; QWP’s, quarter-wave plates; HWP3, half-wave plate that sets the polarization angle of the output for balanced detection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency response of the tabletop all-reflective polarization Sagnac interferometer with delay lines in the arms, measured by use of a phase modulator in the loop. For a long-baseline interferometer the peak response would be in the frequency band of interest for a gravitational-wave receiver.

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