We demonstrate a low-loss, long-range, single-ended distributed optical fiber sensor to measure both temperature and strain simultaneously and unambiguously. By using the Landau–Placzek ratio and cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometric filters, we measure both the intensity and the frequency changes in the Brillouin backscattered signal. Strain and temperature measurements can then be independently resolved. A temperature resolution of 4 °C, a strain resolution of , and a spatial resolution of 10 m have been achieved for a sensing length of 15 km.
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