Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally for what is to our knowledge the first time that air–silica microstructure optical fibers can exhibit anomalous dispersion at visible wavelengths. We exploit this feature to generate an optical continuum 550 THz in width, extending from the violet to the infrared, by propagating pulses of 100-fs duration and kilowatt peak powers through a microstructure fiber near the zero-dispersion wavelength.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).
  2. R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
  3. E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).
  4. R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper FG1.
  5. J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).
  6. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
  7. D. Mogilevtsev, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Opt. Lett. 23, 1662 (1998); T. Monro, D. Richardson, N. Broderick, and P. Bennett, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093 (1999).
  8. H. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).
  9. R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
  10. F. Mitschke and L. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986).
  11. J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).
  12. M. Pshenichnikov, W. de Boeij, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 19, 572 (1994); see also, for example, R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

1998

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

D. Mogilevtsev, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Opt. Lett. 23, 1662 (1998); T. Monro, D. Richardson, N. Broderick, and P. Bennett, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093 (1999).

1997

1994

1989

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

1986

1981

H. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).

1978

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).

Bennett, P.

Birks, T.

D. Mogilevtsev, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Opt. Lett. 23, 1662 (1998); T. Monro, D. Richardson, N. Broderick, and P. Bennett, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093 (1999).

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Birks, T. A.

Broderick, N.

Broeng, J.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

de Boeij, W.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper FG1.

Grischkowsky, D.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Johnson, A.

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Johnson, A. M.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

Kaiser, P.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Knight, J.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Knight, J. C.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Meade, R. D.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Miller, S. E.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Mitschke, F.

Mogilevtsev, D.

Mollenauer, L.

Monro, T.

Pshenichnikov, M.

Richardson, D.

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

Russell, P.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

D. Mogilevtsev, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Opt. Lett. 23, 1662 (1998); T. Monro, D. Richardson, N. Broderick, and P. Bennett, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093 (1999).

Russell, P. St. J.

Shang, H.

H. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).

Shank, C.

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Stolen, R.

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Stolen, R. H.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Tomlinson, W.

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Tomlinson, W. J.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

Wagener, J. L.

R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper FG1.

Wiersma, D.

Windeler, R. S.

R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper FG1.

Winn, J. N.

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 645 (1974) ; P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265 (1973).

Electron. Lett.

H. Shang, Electron. Lett. 17, 603 (1981).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. H. Stolen and A. Johnson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2154 (1986); W. Tomlinson, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989) ; W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, Opt. Lett. 10, 457 (1985).

Science

J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998); J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).

R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper FG1.

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