Abstract

Computer-generated holograms written on a liquid-crystal display can be used to generate dynamic light fields of arbitrary shape. This method was used to simultaneously trap polystyrene particles laterally and to displace them independently of one another.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Fällman and O. Axner, Appl. Opt. 36, 2107 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, Opt. Lett. 21, 827 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Totzeck and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Commun. 138, 365 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

E. Fällman and O. Axner, Appl. Opt. 36, 2107 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Totzeck and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Commun. 138, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, Opt. Lett. 21, 827 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Axner, O.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Chu, S.

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fällman, E.

Finer, J. T.

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gahagan, K. T.

Heckenberg, N. R.

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, N.

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koshioka, M.

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Masuhara, H.

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McDuff, R.

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, R. M.

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, C. P.

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Spudich, J.

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tiziani, H. J.

M. Totzeck and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Commun. 138, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Totzeck, M.

M. Totzeck and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Commun. 138, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M. J.

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, T.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

R. M. Simmons, J. T. Finer, S. Chu, and J. Spudich, Biophys. J. 70, 1813 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (London) (1)

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and T. Yamane, Nature (London) 330, 769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Totzeck and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Commun. 138, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and M. J. Wegener, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 951 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Hologram generating three displaced doughnut traps (magnified clipping).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Initial situation before displacement.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

All three particles have been moved.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Final situation. Particle C has been displaced.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Magnified image of a doughnut of 4μm di-ameter reflected from the bottom of the sample dish.

Equations (1)

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Φx,y=2πΛxx+2πΛyy-n arctanxy.

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