Abstract

An electrostatically deformable, gold-coated, silicon nitride membrane mirror was used as a phase modulator to compress pulses from 92 to 15  fs. Both an iterative genetic algorithm and single-step dispersion compensation based on frequency-resolved optical gating calibration of the mirror were used to compress pulses to within 10% of the transform limit. Frequency-resolved optical gating was used to characterize the pulses and to test the range of the deformable-mirror-based compressor.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, and P. M. Sarro, Opt. Eng. 36, 1382 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Mayer, J. Möbius, A. Euteneur, W. Ruhle, and R. Szipocs, Opt. Lett. 22, 528 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dugan, J. X. Tull, and W. W. Warren, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Cummun. 138, 345 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Proc. SPIE 2701, 190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1993

1992

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

1987

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

1969

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.

T. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Asaki, M. T.

Bardeen, C. J.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beasley, D.

J. Heitkotter and D. Beasley, The Hitch-Hiker’s Guide to Evolutionary Computation:?(FAQ), USNET: comp.ai.genetic (December20, 1997).

Bucksbaum, P.

T. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, S. D.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chanteloup, J. C.

Chériaux, G.

Christov, I.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

Chu, K. C.

DeLong, K. W.

Dienes, A.

Dorrer, C.

Druon, F.

Dugan, M. A.

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Proc. SPIE 2701, 190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Euteneur, A.

Faure, J.

Fork, R. L.

Garvey, D.

Gordon, J. P.

Heitkotter, J.

J. Heitkotter and D. Beasley, The Hitch-Hiker’s Guide to Evolutionary Computation:?(FAQ), USNET: comp.ai.genetic (December20, 1997).

Heritage, J.

J. Heritage, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, C. P.

Huignard, J. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kapteyn, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kwong, K. F.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maksimchuk, A.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 150 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayer, E.

Meshulach, D.

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Cummun. 138, 345 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Middelhoek, S.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, and P. M. Sarro, Opt. Eng. 36, 1382 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Möbius, J.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nantel, M.

Ness, J.

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Proc. SPIE 2701, 190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ruhle, W.

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Sardesai, H.

Sarro, P. M.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, and P. M. Sarro, Opt. Eng. 36, 1382 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Vdovin and P. M. Sarro, Appl. Opt. 34, 2968 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Cummun. 138, 345 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Szipocs, R.

Taft, G.

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Tull, J. X.

Vdovin, G.

Verluise, F.

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. W.

Weber, P. M.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T.

T. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wilson, K. R.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yankelevich, D.

Yelin, D.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Cummun. 138, 345 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Cummun.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Cummun. 138, 345 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, and P. M. Sarro, Opt. Eng. 36, 1382 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Weinacht, J. Ahn, and P. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5508 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Proc. SPIE 2701, 190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Heitkotter and D. Beasley, The Hitch-Hiker’s Guide to Evolutionary Computation:?(FAQ), USNET: comp.ai.genetic (December20, 1997).

J. Heritage, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the deformable-mirror pulse compressor: PMT, photomultipler tube; BG-39, filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Predicted (dashed curve) and measured (solid curve) response (phase) of a single column of actuators at 200  V.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Temporal shape after the pulses propagate through 9.5  mm of fused silica, showing the intensity (solid curve) and the phase (dashed curve). The FWHM of the pulse intensity is 89  fs. (c) Temporal shape after pulse compression by the calibrated method. The FWHM is 15.2  fs, and the transform limit is 14.5  fs. (b), (d) Solid curves, corresponding spectra and dashed curves, group delay for cases (a) and (c), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical mirror shape for (a) the calibrated compression and (b) the 25.4-mm compression. The boxes correspond to the actuator positions.

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