Abstract

A general strategy for fabricating thick, optically flat photopolymer recording media with high dynamic range M/# that exhibit low levels of recording-induced Bragg detuning for holographic data storage is presented. In particular, media with M/# values as high as 42 in 1-mm-thick formats are obtained. We believe that these results are the first demonstration of a holographic storage medium with a dynamic range of this magnitude. In addition, we report the holographic recording and recovery of high-capacity (480-kbit) digital data pages in these media, further illustrating their data-storage capabilities.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1999

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1996

1995

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273, 52 (1995)J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 ( 1994 ) H. Coufal, Nature (London) 393, 628 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Sincerbox, Opt. Mater. 4, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, M. Levene, A. Pu, G. Barbastathis, and K. Curtis, Opt. Lett. 20, 782 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

Bair, H.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

Bernal, M.-P.

Blyler, L.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, C.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G. W.

Campbell, S.

Colvin, V.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H.

Curtis, K.

Dhar, L.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grygier, R. K.

Gunther, H.

Hale, A.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harris, A.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hill, A.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Curtis, W. Wilson, M. Tackitt, A. Hill, and T. Richardson, paper presented at the International Conference on Photonics, Taipei, Taiwan, December, 14–18, 1998.

Hoffnagle, J. A.

Jefferson, C. M.

Katz, H.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levene, M.

Levinos, N.

Li, H.-Y. S.

Macfarlane, R. M.

Mok, F.

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273, 52 (1995)J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 ( 1994 ) H. Coufal, Nature (London) 393, 628 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F. H.

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Richardson, T.

K. Curtis, W. Wilson, M. Tackitt, A. Hill, and T. Richardson, paper presented at the International Conference on Photonics, Taipei, Taiwan, December, 14–18, 1998.

Schilling, F.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, M.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schnoes, M.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

Sincerbox, G. T.

Tackitt, M.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Curtis, W. Wilson, M. Tackitt, A. Hill, and T. Richardson, paper presented at the International Conference on Photonics, Taipei, Taiwan, December, 14–18, 1998.

Wilson, W.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, Opt. Lett. 23, 1710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Curtis, W. Wilson, M. Tackitt, A. Hill, and T. Richardson, paper presented at the International Conference on Photonics, Taipei, Taiwan, December, 14–18, 1998.

Wysocki, T.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Dhar, M. Schnoes, T. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

M. Schilling, V. Colvin, L. Dhar, A. Harris, F. Schilling, H. Katz, T. Wysocki, A. Hale, L. Blyler, and C. Boyd, Chem. Mater. 11, 247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

G. T. Sincerbox, Opt. Mater. 4, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am.

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273, 52 (1995)J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, Science 265, 749 ( 1994 ) H. Coufal, Nature (London) 393, 628 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. J. Bjelkagen, ed., Selected Papers on Holographic Recording, Vol. 130 of SPIE Milestone Series (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1996).

K. Curtis, W. Wilson, M. Tackitt, A. Hill, and T. Richardson, paper presented at the International Conference on Photonics, Taipei, Taiwan, December, 14–18, 1998.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Transmission interferogram of a typical 1-mm-thick photopolymer medium. (b) Surface plot of the variation in the optical thickness of the inner 4  cm of the sample. The optical flatness of the sample varies less than λ/10/cm 50 nm;1Å=0.1 nm over the entire area of the medium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) M/# versus the product of the difference between refractive indices of the photosensitive monomer and the matrix and the volume fraction of the monomer for five different resins. Adjusting the molar number of reactive groups of the photoactive monomer in each of the media yields equivalent amounts of recording-induced rotations in the Bragg angle upon recovery. The media are all 200 μm thick. (b) M/# versus thickness for photopolymer media fabricated with a typical writing monomer: squares, media exhibiting Bragg angle rotations of -0.03&degree; and 0.06° at an internal grating tilt angle of 17.3°; triangles, media exhibiting Bragg angle rotations of -0.13&degree; and 0.19°; circles, media exhibiting Bragg angle rotations of -0.16&degree; and 0.25°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Tenth digital data page recovered from a set of 20 holograms multiplexed in a 500μm-thick medium. The data page in an 800×600 array of random transmitting and opaque pixels. The probability of detecting errors in this data page is 3×10-4, as determined by a global threshold method. (b) Expanded view of the top left-hand corner of the recovered data page, illustrating the fidelity of the recovery. (c) Histogram of the intensities of the pixels of the entire recovered data page.

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