Abstract

An experimental technique based on coherent one-dimensional hyper-Raman-resonant four-wave mixing in broad cylindrically focused light beams has been developed for line-by-line imaging of spatial distribution of excited atoms in a low-temperature plasma of optical breakdown. The technique was applied to map excited lead atoms in a low-temperature laser-produced plasma.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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1997 (4)

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Ewart, P. G. R. Smith, and R. B. Williams, Appl. Opt. 36, 5959 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

P. Ewart, P. Snowdon, and I. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 14, 563 (1989)D. J. Rakestraw, R. L. Farrow, and T. Dreier, Opt. Lett. 15, 709 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

1983 (1)

1981 (1)

S. Druet and J.-P. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

1973 (1)

P. R. Regnier and J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, R. L.

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Spectroscopy of Light Scattering (Nauka, Moscow, 1981).

Akimov, D. A.

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965)Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984)A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, 1988).

Chang, R. K.

Druet, S.

S. Druet and J.-P. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eckbreth, A. C.

Ewart, P.

Fedotov, A. B.

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

Gladkov, S. M.

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

Jonuscheit, J.

Kaczmarek, M.

Koleva, I. S.

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

Koroteev, N. I.

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Spectroscopy of Light Scattering (Nauka, Moscow, 1981).

Leipertz, A.

Lind, R. C.

Long, M. B.

Magnusson, I.

Murphy, D. V.

Naumov, A. N.

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Niessner, R.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Regnier, P. R.

P. R. Regnier and J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Schechter, I.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schenk, M.

Schroeder, H.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seeger, T.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

Snow, J. B.

Snowdon, P.

Taran, J. P.-E.

P. R. Regnier and J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Taran, J.-P.

S. Druet and J.-P. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Thumann, A.

Williams, R. B.

Wisbrun, R.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

Zheng, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. R. Regnier and J. P.-E. Taran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 387 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Laser Phys. 7, 45 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. A. Akimov, A. B. Fedotov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 140, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, and H. Schroeder, Proc. SPIE 1716, 2 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Druet and J.-P. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. M. Gladkov, A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, I. S. Koleva, and A. B. Fedotov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 15, 505 (1989).

Other (2)

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965)Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984)A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, 1988).

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Spectroscopy of Light Scattering (Nauka, Moscow, 1981).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

One-dimensional imaging of atoms in a laser-produced plasma by means of coherent hyper-Raman reso-nant FWM in broad beams: (a) diagram of a four-photon process with a hyper-Raman resonance involving excited states of a lead atom, (b) diagram of wave vectors, and (c) diagram of light beams.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Line-by-line plasma imaging with 1-D FWM in the transverse direction: 2-D map of the FWM signal power with a resonance that is due to Pb atomic transitions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

1-D FWM signals imaging a plasma area located at a distance of 0.5  mm from the target surface at the center of the plasma spark along the x axis at delay times τ=1,2,4,7 μs.

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