Abstract

We demonstrate a master-oscillator fiber power-amplifier system consisting of a diode-pumped monolithic nonplanar ring oscillator as the master oscillator and a Nd:glass double-clad fiber as the power amplifier. The system emits up to 5.5  W of single-frequency radiation at a wavelength of 1064  nm with an M2 value of 1.1. The optical emission spectrum is investigated with respect to the background of residual amplified spontaneous emission. Spectrally resolved amplitude-noise behavior is examined. Further power-scaling possibilities are discussed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.
  4. W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.
  5. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.
  6. E. Rochard, K. Haroud, and R. Dändliker, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe 98 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 48.
  7. T. Miyazaki, K. Inagaki, Y. Karasawa, and M. Yoshida, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 562 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Marcuse, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), p. 376.
  14. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Farinas, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1977 (1)

D. Marcuse, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Adams, F.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Agraval, G. P.

G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), p. 376.

Byer, R. L.

Caplen, J. E.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dändliker, R.

E. Rochard, K. Haroud, and R. Dändliker, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe 98 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 48.

Dong, L.

Farinas, A. D.

Freitag, I.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Golla, D.

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Haroud, K.

E. Rochard, K. Haroud, and R. Dändliker, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe 98 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 48.

Haserot, D.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, K.

Kane, T. J.

T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Karasawa, Y.

Kmetec, J. D.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Knoke, S.

W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.

Kröpke, I.

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703 (1977).
[CrossRef]

McCollum, B.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Miyazaki, T.

Penty, R. V.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Richardson, D. J.

Rochard, E.

E. Rochard, K. Haroud, and R. Dändliker, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe 98 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 48.

Schirmer, S.

W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.

Schöne, W.

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Taverner, D.

Tkach, R. W.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Truong, G.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Tünnermann, A.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.

Welling, H.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Wiechmann, W.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

Williams, K.

Yoshida, M.

Zellmer, H.

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Zyskind, J. L.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Marcuse, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Golla, I. Freitag, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, I. Kröpke, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 98, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (6)

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

W. Schöne, S. Knoke, S. Schirmer, and A. Tünnermann, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 292.

W. Wiechmann, T. J. Kane, D. Haserot, F. Adams, G. Truong, and J. D. Kmetec, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 432.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

E. Rochard, K. Haroud, and R. Dändliker, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe 98 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 48.

G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), p. 376.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Slope of the MOFPA with respect to (a) master power at 24-W pump power and (b) pump power at 570-mW master power. The straight line in (a) corresponds to full saturation (slope of 1).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the MOFPA output. The resolution of the grating spectrum analyzer was set to 1  nm. Solid curve, 570-mW injected power, 26.8-W pump power, 5.5-W output power. Dashed curve, ASE spectrum at 30-W pump power without injection for comparison.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative intensity noise. Solid curve, 570-mW power amplified to 3  W; dashed curve, master oscillator without amplification. At 12  MHz the noise reaches a floor of 6×10-9/Hz1/2, which corresponds to the shot noise of the 10-mA detector photocurrent.

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