Abstract

A Bragg grating was fabricated in a D-shaped fiber that was subsequently coated with an αSi:H semiconductor film. The reflected spectrum was optically controlled by means of evanescent coupling, shifting to shorter wavelengths with increased control-light power. The effective nonlinearity of the fiber was 2.0×10-10 cm2/W. The device was optically tuned by 4.3×10-4 nm/mW, leading to 54% >3dB depth modulation for 230  mW of power.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. J. Campbel and R. Kashyap, Int. J. Optoelectron. 9, 33 (1994).
  2. Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 22, 883 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Arce-Diego, R. López-Ruisánchez, J. M. López-Higuera, and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 22, 603 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. D. Freeze and R. H. Selfridge, Opt. Eng. 32, 3267 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. M. Ribeiro and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 22, 111 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.
  14. J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (6)

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 22, 883 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Arce-Diego, R. López-Ruisánchez, J. M. López-Higuera, and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 22, 603 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Ribeiro and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 22, 111 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. J. Campbel and R. Kashyap, Int. J. Optoelectron. 9, 33 (1994).

1993 (3)

J. D. Freeze and R. H. Selfridge, Opt. Eng. 32, 3267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahlfeldt, H.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arce-Diego, J. L.

Arkwright, J.

M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Asseh, A.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.

Bagnato, V. S.

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Branz, H. M.

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brodzeli, Z.

M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Campbel, R. J.

R. J. Campbel and R. Kashyap, Int. J. Optoelectron. 9, 33 (1994).

Campbell, R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Edwall, G.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fauchet, P. M.

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fragalli, J. F.

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Freeze, J. D.

J. D. Freeze and R. H. Selfridge, Opt. Eng. 32, 3267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grivickas, V.

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guedes, I.

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, P. J.

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Iocco, A.

A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Janos, M.

M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

Kashyap, R.

R. J. Campbel and R. Kashyap, Int. J. Optoelectron. 9, 33 (1994).

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, L. R.

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leite, C. A. F.

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lidgard, A.

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
[CrossRef]

López-Higuera, J. M.

López-Ruisánchez, R.

Margulis, W.

R. M. Ribeiro and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 22, 111 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mourchild, A.

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Muriel, M. A.

Nakagaito, N.

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nighan, W. L.

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prelewitz, D. F.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, R. M.

R. M. Ribeiro and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 22, 111 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sahlgren, B.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.

Salathé, R. P.

A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sandgren, S.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.

Sankey, N. D.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Selfridge, R. H.

J. D. Freeze and R. H. Selfridge, Opt. Eng. 32, 3267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

Stark, J. B.

Stubbe, R.

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.

Vanderhaghen, R.

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Williams, D. L.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. G. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Ribeiro, W. Margulis, C. A. F. Leite, I. Guedes, L. Misoguti, and V. S. Bagnato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1089 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

R. M. Ribeiro, L. R. Kawase, W. Margulis, and A. Lidgard, Electron. Lett. 32, 1402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Rao, P. J. Henderson, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 33, 2063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Janos, J. Arkwright, and Z. Brodzeli, Electron. Lett. 33, 2150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, Electron. Lett. 33, 2147 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

A. Asseh, S. Sandgren, H. Ahlfeldt, B. Sahlgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Fiber Integr. Opt. 17, 51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Optoelectron. (1)

R. J. Campbel and R. Kashyap, Int. J. Optoelectron. 9, 33 (1994).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. F. Fragalli, L. Misoguti, N. Nakagaito, V. Grivickas, H. M. Branz, and V. S. Bagnato, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 668 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

P. M. Fauchet, D. Hulin, R. Vanderhaghen, A. Mourchild, and W. L. Nighan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 141, 76 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. D. Freeze and R. H. Selfridge, Opt. Eng. 32, 3267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

R. Stubbe, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and A. Asseh, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Waveguides:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol.??22 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), postdeadline paper PD1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Inset, schematic view of the cD-FBG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe-reflected spectrum from the cD-FBG for three levels of input control light power. The coupling efficiency was 20%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength peak shift for the probe reflected spectrum versus temperature (right line) and input control light-power (left line). The light-coupling efficiency was 20%.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n2eff=πD2neff4λprobeΔλprobeΔPcontrol.

Metrics