Abstract

Pulses shorter than two optical cycles with bandwidths in excess of 400  nm have been generated from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate of 90  MHz and an average power of 200  mW. Low-dispersion prisms and double-chirped mirrors provide broadband controlled dispersion and high reflectivity. These pulse durations are to our knowledge the shortest ever generated directly from a laser oscillator.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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1999

1998

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, T. Brabec, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Photon. News 9(7), 46 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1995

1994

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pshenichnicov, A. Balt?ska, R. Szipöcs, and D. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 3–7.
[CrossRef]

Boppart, S.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Brabec, T.

F. Krausz, T. Brabec, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Photon. News 9(7), 46 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 8–10.
[CrossRef]

Brezinski, M.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 8–10.
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Ferencz, K.

Fujimoto, J.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Haus, H.

Heine, C.

Ippen, E.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Jamada, H.

Jung, I.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Keller, U.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Krausz, F.

Lenzner, M.

Li, X.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Matuschek, N.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Mogi, K.

Morf, R.

Morgner, U.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Morier-Genoud, F.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naganuma, K.

Nisoli, M.

Pitris, C.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

Pshenichnicov, M.

M. Pshenichnicov, A. Balt?ska, R. Szipöcs, and D. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 3–7.
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M.

Sartania, S.

Scheuer, V.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T.

Silvestri, S. D.

Spielmann, C.

Staub, J.

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stingl, A.

Sutter, D.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Takano, S.

Tempea, G.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, K. Ferencz, and S. Takano, Opt. Lett. 23, 789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 8–10.
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

Wiersma, D.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pshenichnicov, A. Balt?ska, R. Szipöcs, and D. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 3–7.
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Sutter, I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

F. Krausz, T. Brabec, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Photon. News 9(7), 46 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, J. Staub, and T. Tschudi, Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. Matuschek, F. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 8–10.
[CrossRef]

M. Pshenichnicov, A. Balt?ska, R. Szipöcs, and D. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 3–7.
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, C. Pitris, S. Boppart, F. Kärtner, X. Li, S. Cho, E. Ippen, M. Brezinski, and J. Fujimoto, “Subcellular optical coherence tomography with a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” in BiOS 98 (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity setup with crystal X, curved mirrors M2 and M3, flat mirrors M0, M1, and M4M7, output-coupling mirror OC, and prism sequence P1, P2. All DCM's are gray; the other mirrors are silver mirrors. Lens L focuses the pump beam into the crystal. The prism sequence P3, P4 is necessary for extracavity dispersion compensation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion balance in the resonator for GDD of a prism sequence with prisms of fused quartz (separation, 38  cm; insertion, 7.7  mm), a prism sequence using CaF2 (separation, 66  cm; insertion, 6.4  mm), and the laser crystal. The resulting design goal for the GDD of the DCM's using CaF2 prisms is also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured reflectivity of the DCM and the output-coupling mirror (OC). (b) Desired condition for perfect dispersion compensation, and the designed and the measured GDD of one bounce on the DCM. (c) Measured spectrum behind the output coupler. (d) Measured intracavity spectrum with a silver mirror instead of the output coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured interferometric autocorrelation of the Ti:sapphire laser. The dashed curve is a fit of a sinc2 function with a FWHM of 5.4  fs, and the solid curve is the calculation from the spectrum.

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