Abstract

We report a continuous-wave, doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on the nonlinear material periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy. The OPO, which is pumped by a diode-pumped frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser at 523  nm, has a low pump-power threshold of 25  mW and can deliver 10  mW of single-frequency output at 1.65 μm for a pump power of 200  mW. The idler wavelength can be temperature tuned at a rate of 0.73 nm/°C, and smooth tuning of the output frequency over 3 GHz is achieved by smooth tuning of the pump laser. We demonstrate the practicality of the OPO by recording the absorption spectrum of methane near 1649  nm.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1598 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Lett. 23, 28 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.
  6. T. Kartaloglu, K. G. Köprülü, O. Aytür, M. Sundheimer, and W. P. Risk, Opt. Lett. 23, 61 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3474 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.
  10. A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. The crystal was fabricated by H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Institute of Optical Research, Stockholm, Sweden, in 1998.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

1997 (3)

H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3474 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1598 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Lett. 23, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.

Arvidsson, G.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aytür, O.

Birkin, D. J.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Bosenberg, W. R.

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Colville, F. G.

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Eger, D.

Englander, A.

Faller, P.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fukui, T.

Garashi, A.

A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.

Gibson, G. M.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A. J.

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3474 (1997).
[CrossRef]

The crystal was fabricated by H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Institute of Optical Research, Stockholm, Sweden, in 1998.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Kartaloglu, T.

Katz, M.

Köprülü, K. G.

Korenfeld, A.

Kubota, S.

Laurell, F.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3474 (1997).
[CrossRef]

The crystal was fabricated by H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Institute of Optical Research, Stockholm, Sweden, in 1998.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Lavi, R.

Lebiush, E.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

Myers, L. E.

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Padgett, M. J.

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Reid, D. T.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Risk, W. P.

Rosenman, G.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Lett. 23, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1598 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.

Sibbett, W.

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

Skliar, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Lett. 23, 28 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Opt. Lett. 22, 1598 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.

Sundheimer, M.

Turnbull, G. A.

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wiechmann, W.

Zhang, J.

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. B 67, 675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3474 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, F. G. Colville, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 119, 256 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

D. T. Reid, P. Loza-Alvarez, M. Ebrahimzadeh, E. U. Rafailov, P. Faller, D. J. Birkin, W. Sibbett, H. Karlsson, and F. Laurell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 17.

The crystal was fabricated by H. Karlsson and F. Laurell, Institute of Optical Research, Stockholm, Sweden, in 1998.

A. Garashi, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics–Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper CPD1.10.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated values for ΔLhop and ΔLstab for various values of signal and idler wavelengths. For operation at an idler wavelength of 1.65 μm the condition ΔLhop>ΔLstab is adequately satisfied for all three values of output coupling o/c.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental layout. The temperature of the PPKTP crystal is varied by a Peltier heat pump. A beam splitter (BS) provides a signal for the cavity length servo system. PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A single signal and idler mode pair can be smoothly tuned by smooth tuning of the pump laser. Tuning the pump laser over 10 GHz results in signal tuning over 7 GHz (as recorded by a wavemeter). This signal tuning corresponds to tuning of the idler over 3 GHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectrum of a methane transition near 1649  nm. The output of the OPO is scanned over 3.17  GHz by tuning of the pump laser.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ΔLhopΔFSR2FSRλp,
ΔLstab<λp41Fs+1Fi.
ΔLhop>ΔLstab.

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