Abstract

LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers with diameters of 63 and 230 μm were grown, and the second-harmonic-generation (SHG) process was studied with femtosecond laser pulses perpendicularly focused to the fiber. SHG occurred without collinear phase matching, leading to wavelength-independent overall conversion efficiency, unlike in a bulk crystal. The scattering pattern of the second harmonic exhibited an intense forward peak and an almost-uniform, less-intense distribution around the fiber, owing to trapping in high-Q whispering modes. Implementation of a second-order autocorrelator with the 63μm fiber demonstrates its application potential.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

Acker, W. P.

Armstrong, R. L.

Bennemann, K. H.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Boulon, G.

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boutou, V.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).

Brenier, A.

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. J.

Chang, R. K.

Cohen-Adad, M.-T.

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dewitz, L. P.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Fernandez, G. A.

Ferriol, M.

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Foulon, G.

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

Hare, J.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. C.

Hübner, W.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Huston, A. L.

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Krämer, B.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leach, D. H.

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Leisner, T.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-B.

Long, M. B.

Nöckel, J. U.

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, Nature (London) 385, 45 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pinnick, R. G.

Qian, S.-X.

Raimond, J. M.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Rairoux, P.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ruekgauer, T.

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Snow, J. B.

Stone, A. D.

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, Nature (London) 385, 45 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, H. M.

Vajdar, S.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vezin, B.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wall, K. F.

Weiss, D. S.

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wöster, L.

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xie, J.-G.

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Foulon, M. Ferriol, A. Brenier, M.-T. Cohen-Adad, and G. Boulon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 245, 555 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nature (London) (1)

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, Nature (London) 385, 45 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Kasparian, B. Krämer, L. P. Dewitz, S. Vajdar, P. Rairoux, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, T. Leisner, W. Hübner, J. P. Wolf, L. Wöster, and K. H. Bennemann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2952 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds., Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. C. Knight, V. Sandoghdar, D. S. Weiss, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, in Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), pp. 101–133.
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The inset shows the cross section of the LiNbO3 fibers. PM, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SHG intensity as a function of incident fundamental mean power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Angular distributions of the scattered intensities for (a) the fundamental and (b) SHG in the scattering plane. The inset in (a) shows a detail around the primary rainbow.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces obtained with the 63μm LiNbO3 fiber and the bulk LBO crystal.

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