Abstract

To expand the span of the optical frequency comb (OFC), we generated the second harmonics of an OFC at 1.55 μm, using a multiperiod periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal. A coupled-cavity OFC generator with an average output power of 0.2  mW was amplified and expanded with a fiber amplifier and a dispersion-flattened fiber. The fundamental OFC average power and span were 100  mW and 45  THz, respectively. The second-harmonic comb's span was 3.2  THz; however, we tuned the center frequency over 30  THz by changing the poling period. We also demonstrated that the second-harmonic comb can be used for frequency-difference measurement.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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1998 (3)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 214 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brothers, D. Lee, and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 19, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Bell, A. S.

Bisson, S. E.

Brothers, L. R.

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Enami, T.

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 214 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fegurson, A. I.

Fejer, M. M.

G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 864 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Hänsch, T. W.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D.

Imai, K.

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 54 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CThY4.

Imeshev, G.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

König, W.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 54 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 214 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CThY4.

Kulp, T. J.

Lee, D.

Leibfried, D.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, G. M.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 54 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 214 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CThY4.

Powers, P. E.

Proctor, M.

Rais, E.

Schimidt-Kaler, F.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seel, S.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, T.

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, M.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Widiyatmoko, B.

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CThY4.

Wong, N. C.

Zimmermann, C.

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, T. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 54 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 214 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

F. Schimidt-Kaler, D. Leibfried, S. Seel, C. Zimmermann, W. König, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Imai, M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatmoko, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CThY4.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LD1, LD2, extended-cavity laser diodes; ISO, isolator; Si-APD, Si avalanche photodiode; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral envelope of the SHG combs at various poled periods and temperatures observed with an optical spectrum analyzer at 0.1 resolution bandwidth. The curves are SHG combs generated from PPLN with poling periods and temperatures of a, 18.6 μm T=65°C; b, 18.8 μm T=50°C; c, 19 μm T=80°C; d, 19.2 μm T=62°C; e, 19.4 μm T=60°C; f, 19.6 μm T=75°C; g, 19.8 μm T=65°C; h, 20 μm T=65°C; i, 20.2 μm T=72°C; j, 20.4 μm T=90°C. Insets, fundamental comb spectrum observed with 1  nm-resolution (right) and the SH OFC generated by a 19.4μm poled period (left). P. M., phase-matching bandwidth.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the beat note between a laser at 0.7782μm wavelength and a SH OFC sideband generated from 1.5443 μm. RBW, resolution bandwidth.

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