Abstract

We describe a scheme involving the insertion of segments of dispersion-compensating fiber, pumped to yield Raman gain, at one or more intermediate points within each 80-km-or-greater span between amplifier huts. With dispersion-managed solitons, the scheme is expected to allow for error-free, many-channel wavelength-division multiplexing, with high spectral efficiency, over transmission distances of many thousands of kilometers.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.
  3. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.
  4. S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.
  5. M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 22, 793 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 223 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, “Soliton collisions in wavelength-division-multiplexed dispersion-managed systems,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
  10. P. V. Mamyshev, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'98) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1998), p. 475.
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1997 (2)

1991 (1)

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Aisawa, S.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Charaplyvy, A. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Espindola, R. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Ferrand, D. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.

Haus, H. A.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jinno, M.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Judkins, J. B.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Kani, J.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Lin, Y. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Mamyshev, P. V.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.

P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, “Soliton collisions in wavelength-division-multiplexed dispersion-managed systems,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

P. V. Mamyshev, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'98) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1998), p. 475.
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, “Soliton collisions in wavelength-division-multiplexed dispersion-managed systems,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.

Monard, R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Oguchi, K.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Sakamoto, T.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Srivastava, A. K.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Strasser, T. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Sun, Y.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Vengsarker, A. M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Wolf, C.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Wysocki, P. F.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Yu, T.

Zhou, J.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Zirngibl, M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

Zyskind, J. L.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, “Soliton collisions in wavelength-division-multiplexed dispersion-managed systems,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

P. V. Mamyshev, in Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'98) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1998), p. 475.
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monard, A. R. Charaplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarker, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Lin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD10.

S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), postdeadline paper PD11.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Dispersion map based on existing 40-km spans of standard fiber with added sections of DCF fiber, soliton guiding filter, and Raman pump to span 80  km between repeater huts. (b) Similar dispersion map to span 120  km between huts. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse width, bandwidth, and chirp parameter (normalized) as functions of distance in the map in Fig.  1(a). τ0=27 ps; D¯=0.12 ps/nmkm. Note that the DCF, which is actually in coils [see Fig.  1(a)], is shown spread out here.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Path-average pulse energy versus path-average dispersion for the map in Fig.  1(a), under the condition of full Raman gain. The number next to each curve indicates unchirped (minimum) pulse width (in picoseconds) in the initial +D fiber segment. The time-averaged launch power per 10-Gbit/s WDM channel is shown by the right-hand scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse energy versus distance for the map in Fig.  1(a), with and without Raman gain in the middle segment of DCF. The signal energy at the output of the complete span is held constant for maintenance of constant signal/noise ratio. Once again, note that the DCF, which is actually in coils [see Fig.  1(a)] is shown spread out here.

Metrics