Abstract

We illustrate observation and characterization of medium- and low-intensity shaped ultrashort pulses at λ=1.55 µm through single-shot geometry (multishot-average) second-harmonic generation–frequency-resolved optical gating. The pulses are shaped by amplitude filters in the Fourier plane of a compact folded shaper. Sensitivity to pulses with energies of less than 20 pJ and high dynamic range is reported for this configuration. Application of this method to the propagation of 170fs pulses through a 50-m fiber link is also illustrated.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1999

1998

R. N. Zare, Science 279, 1875 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Opt. Lett. 23, 1915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferenz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

1996

F. Fleming Crim, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12725 (1996).

1995

A. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1977

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bardeen, C.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carpenter, S. D.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Crim, F. Fleming

F. Fleming Crim, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12725 (1996).

De Silvestri, S.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Opt. Lett. 23, 1915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 32611 (personal communication, January, 1999).

Ferenz, K.

Fittinghoff, D.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Funk, D.

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Kane, D.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Luce, B. P.

Maginnis, K.

Meshulach, D.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nisoli, M.

Omenetto, F.

Omenetto, F. G.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

Russek, U.

Sartania, S.

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

Spielmann, C.

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

Sweetster, J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Szipocs, R.

Taylor, A. J.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

Walmsley, I. A.

Warren, W. S.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Weber, P. M.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A.

A. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Yakovlev, V.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

Yelin, D.

Zare, R. N.

R. N. Zare, Science 279, 1875 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

C. Bardeen, V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem.

F. Fleming Crim, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12725 (1996).

Opt. Lett.

Prog. Quantum Electron.

A. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetster, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Science

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. N. Zare, Science 279, 1875 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. Efimov, Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 32611 (personal communication, January, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) FROG trace, (b) spectrum, and (c) reconstructed pulse for filtering performed in the central portion of the spectrum G=0.0023. The pulse duration FWHM (i.e., in the central peak of the sinc) is 203 fs FWHM. The recovered phase follows the functional behavior, showing the same periodicity. This result is evidenced in (d) the logarithmic plot of the temporal profile.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) FROG trace, (b) recovered intensity and phase, and (c) spectrum for a filtering arrangement with three 1-mm-wide slits. The three transmitted spectral features are more apparent on a logarithmic scale, as shown in the inset of (c). The energy of the pulse entering the single-shot apparatus is 0.3 nJ, and the FROG error after reconstruction is G=0.0032.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) FROG trace and (b) reconstruction for an attenuated unshaped pulse. The pulse energy is 12.5±2 pJ, and the reconstructed pulse duration is t=220 fs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FROG traces and reconstructed temporal and phase profiles detected at the output of a 50-m link of single-mode fiber. The traces in (a) illustrate the propagation of an unshaped pulse with energy E=120 pJ, and those in (b) illustrate the propagation of a pulse with E=500 pJ.

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