Abstract

We introduce a novel broadband optical frequency comb generator consisting of a parametric oscillator with an intracavity electro-optic phase modulator. The parametric oscillator is pumped by 532-nm light and produces near-degenerate signal and idler fields. The modulator generates a comb structure about both the signal and the idler. Coupling between the two families of modes results in a dispersion-limited comb that spans 20 nm (5.3 THz). A signal-to-noise ratio of >30 dB in a 300-kHz bandwidth is observed in the beat frequency between individual comb elements and a reference laser.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. R. Brothers, D. Lee, and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 19, 245 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. R. Brothers and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 22, 1015 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 721 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Kelley and A. Gallagher, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 563 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (3)

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. Kelley and A. Gallagher, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bianchini, G.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brothers, L. R.

Cancio Pastor, P.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, A.

J. Kelley and A. Gallagher, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Giusfredi, G.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gross, B.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K.-P.

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F.-L.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huber, A.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, J.

J. Kelley and A. Gallagher, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

Ma, L.-S.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, F.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pachucki, K.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pavone, F. S.

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pfister, O.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reichert, J.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, Y.

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taubman, M.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, B.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, M.

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Widiyatmoko, B.

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Widiyatomoko, B.

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N. C.

Ye, J.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. Kourogi, B. Widiyatomoko, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Imai, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Huber, Th. Udem, B. Gross, J. Reichert, M. Kourogi, K. Pachucki, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 468 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Minardi, G. Bianchini, P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, F. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. Kelley and A. Gallagher, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 563 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus: OPA, hemilithic MgO:LiNbO3 optical parametric amplifier; EOM, MgO:LiNbO3 EOM. See text for details.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Near-degenerate parametric oscillation with the EOM off. (b) Comb output with the EOM on, β=0.35 rad. (c), (d) Comb output for two successively longer cavity lengths. (e), (f) Comb output with β=0.5 rad. The cavity length was decreased 40 nm in going from (e) to (f). Resolution bandwidth is 0.5 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrally integrated output of the comb with (a) EOM off, (b) EOM on but fm detuned slightly above fFSR, and (c) EOM on with fm=fFSR. The standard deviations of the intensity fluctuations in these three cases are 23%, 9%, and 4% of the mean intensity, respectively. Detection bandwidth, 1 MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) rf spectrum of the heterodyne signal between the OPO comb and a stable reference laser. The peaks at 350 and 700 MHz are the OPO-comb harmonics; the two smaller peaks are the heterodyne signal. Resolution bandwidth, 300 kHz. (b) Detailed view of the signal of (a) near 475 MHz. Resolution bandwidth, 10 kHz.

Metrics