Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a 1.50µmband gain-shifted thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) by using a novel dual-wavelength 1.05 and 1.56µm pumping scheme for what we believe is the first time. By providing a small amount of 1.56µm power to a conventional upconversion-pumped TDFA, we successfully demonstrated a small-signal gain larger than 25 dB and a noise figure of 5 dB in a 1475–1510-nm band.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.
  2. Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.
  3. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Kani and M. Jinno, Electron. Lett. 35, 1004 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 11.
  8. W. J. Miniscalco, in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.
  9. J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani and M. Jinno, Electron. Lett. 35, 1004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aisawa, S.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Craig-Ryan, S. P.

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 11.

Espindola, R. P.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Hattori, K.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jinno, M.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani and M. Jinno, Electron. Lett. 35, 1004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Kanamori, T.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani and M. Jinno, Electron. Lett. 35, 1004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Massicott, J. F.

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.

Miyajima, Y.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Nishida, Y.

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Oguchi, K.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Oikawa, K.

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Ono, H.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Sakamoto, T.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. K.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Strasser, T. A.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Sudo, S.

Sugawa, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Wolf, C.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Wyatt, R.

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Zyskind, J. L.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

Electron. Lett.

J. Kani, K. Hattori, M. Jinno, S. Aisawa, T. Sakamoto, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 35, 321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Jinno, and K. Oguchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kani and M. Jinno, Electron. Lett. 35, 1004 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Massicott, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, B. J. Ainslie, and S. P. Craig-Ryan, Electron. Lett. 26, 1645 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

M. Yamada, A. Mori, K. Kobayashi, H. Ono, T. Kanamori, K. Oikawa, Y. Nishida, and Y. Ohishi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD7.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, C. Wolf, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, A. M. Vengsarkar, and J. Zhou, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, M. N. Zervas, A. E. Willner, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 144.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994), p. 11.

W. J. Miniscalco, in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram of Tm ions in fluoride glass and the dual-wavelength pumping scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of a dual-wavelength-pumped Tm-doped fiber amplifier with a 20-m-long fiber: OBPF, optical bandpass filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ASE spectra for a, b, an upconversion-pumped and c, a dual-wavelength-pumped TDFA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Small-signal gain and noise figure as functions of signal wavelength for a dual-wavelength-pumped TDFA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of a gain-shifted TDFA with dual-wavelength pumping. Three Tm modules are cascaded (total length, 60 m).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Small-signal gain and noise figure of an upconversion-pumped and a gain-shifted TDFA.

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