A theoretical investigation of oblique plane-wave electromagnetic scattering in an active dielectric cylinder predicted the existence of anomalous resonances at discrete plane-wave angles of incidence. These resonances may be understood as being due to a leaky-wave phase-matching boundary condition. Experiments were performed with active dielectric cylinders to confirm the existence of discrete resonances. Cross coupling between TE and TM modes was clearly detected for both active and passive scattering. Enhancement of active scattered field intensities was observed in experiments with finite-diameter pump and probe laser beams. Optical pumping of a dye solution was used to provide the gain.
© 1999 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article