Abstract

We studied, for the first time to our knowledge, transient stimulated Raman scattering in H2D2 and H2CH4 gas mixtures excited with 200-fs and 2-ps, 390-nm pulses. Depending on the composition and partial pressure, of those gases, we observed 40 output lines simultaneously. Under optimum conditions a conversion efficiency of as much as 8% in the combination Raman line at 556 nm was obtained in the H2CH4 gas mixtures. The difference between picosecond and femtosecond pumping is due to self-phase modulation and to generation of a spectral continuum in the latter. Our calculation of the ratio of the partial pressures is in a good agreement with the experimental results. A new method for measuring the unknown Raman scattering cross section of gas molecules is suggested.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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1998 (3)

1997 (4)

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

1991 (1)

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

1987 (1)

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

1979 (1)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

A. Duardo, L. J. Nugent, and F. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 3585 (1967).

Barker, D. L.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bergh, H.

Bespalov, V.

Bespalov, V. G.

V. Krylov, O. Ollikainen, U. Wild, A. Rebane, V. G. Bespalov, and D. I. Staselko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Bishel, W. K.

W. K. Bishel and G. Black, in Eximer Lasers—1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, and H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

Black, G.

W. K. Bishel and G. Black, in Eximer Lasers—1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, and H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

Bloem-bergen, N.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J. K.

Calpini, B.

Carlsten, J. L.

Carman, R. L.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Cze, R. C.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dam, N.

Duardo, A.

A. Duardo, L. J. Nugent, and F. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 3585 (1967).

Erni, D.

Fischer, I.

I. Fischer and T. Schultz, Appl. Phys. B 64, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Herzberg, G.

K. P. Huber and G. Herzberg, Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1979).

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, K. P.

K. P. Huber and G. Herzberg, Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1979).

Imasaka, T.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jarvis, G. B.

Johnson, F. M.

A. Duardo, L. J. Nugent, and F. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 3585 (1967).

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kenny, J. E.

Krylov, V.

Krylov, V. N.

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Lii, C.

Loree, T. R.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mathew, S.

Mazur, E.

Meulen, J. J.

Mikhailov, V. N.

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

Mitev, V.

Nugent, L. J.

A. Duardo, L. J. Nugent, and F. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 3585 (1967).

Ollikainen, O.

Parfenov, V. A.

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Rebane, A.

Reintjes, J.

Repasky, K. S.

Schmidt, P.

Schoulepnikoff, L.

Schultz, T.

I. Fischer and T. Schultz, Appl. Phys. B 64, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scott, P. B.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Semeonov, V.

Shimizu, F.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, Y.

Simeonov, V.

Sizov, V. N.

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Staselko, D.

Staselko, D. I.

V. Krylov, O. Ollikainen, U. Wild, A. Rebane, V. G. Bespalov, and D. I. Staselko, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Stoffels, G. G. M.

Wang, C. S.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wild, U.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

I. Fischer and T. Schultz, Appl. Phys. B 64, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Cze, D. L. Barker, and P. B. Scott, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 337 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Duardo, L. J. Nugent, and F. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 3585 (1967).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (2)

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, V. N. Mikhailov, V. A. Parfenov, and D. I. Staselko, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 193 (1991).

V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Krylov, D. I. Staselko, V. N. Sizov, and V. A. Parfenov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 1253 (1987).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloem-bergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. P. Huber and G. Herzberg, Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1979).

W. K. Bishel and G. Black, in Eximer Lasers—1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, and H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of the energy in the combination line on the partial pressure of H2: solid curve, H2+D2 gas mixture; dashed curve, H2+CH4 gas mixture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the energy of several SRS output components on the energy of the pump pulse. Filled circles, first Stokes of H2, I-10; open circles, first Stokes of CH4, I0-1; stars, combination line, I-1-1. Partial pressures of 38 atm of H2 and 12 atm of CH4 were employed.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters of the Investigated Gases

Equations (5)

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ν=νL+iνV1+jνR1+mνV2+nνR2i,j,m,n=0,±1,±2,,
IS=I0 exp8gT20L0τpIpz,tdzdt1/2,
g1T21=g2T22.
g=2λS3T2ΔNhcdσdΩ,
p1p2=F2λs23F1λs13σΩ2σΩ1=R.

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