Abstract

We present a method of controlling the shape of the domain-inverted structure in an off-cut MgO:LiNbO3 crystal by utilizing a two-dimensional high-voltage application. With this technique a periodically domain-inverted structure with a period of 3.2 µm and a thickness of 2.0 µm was fabricated over a 10-mm interaction length. This structure has made possible sufficient overlaps between propagation modes and domain inversion in the waveguide. Using this structure, we demonstrated cw blue second-harmonic generation of 17.3 mW of power at a wavelength of 426 nm with single-pass 55-mW cw AlGaAs laser diode input, which corresponded to 31% power-conversion efficiency.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Beyer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
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  3. M. Pierrou, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Kellner, C. Czeranowsky, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 24, 205 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Mizuuchi, H. Ohta, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 22, 1217 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1999

1998

1997

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, H. Ohta, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 22, 1217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Beyer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Kurimura, I. Shinoya, and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L31 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Electron. Lett. 32, 2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

Beyer, R. L.

Chiu, Y.

Czeranowsky, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Furukawa, Y.

Gopalan, V.

Harada, A.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hatano, H.

Hatori, M.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Karlsson, H.

Kato, M.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, H. Ohta, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 22, 1217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Electron. Lett. 32, 2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

Kawas, M. J.

Kellner, T.

Kitamura, K.

Kitaoka, Y.

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

Kurimura, S.

S. Kurimura, I. Shinoya, and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L31 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Miller, G. D.

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, H. Ohta, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 22, 1217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Electron. Lett. 32, 2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

Narumi, K.

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

Nihei, Y.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, K.

Ohta, H.

Pierrou, M.

Risk, W. P.

Schlesinger, T. E.

Shinoya, I.

S. Kurimura, I. Shinoya, and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L31 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sonoda, S.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stancil, D. D.

Takekawa, S.

Tsuruma, I.

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

Uesu, Y.

S. Kurimura, I. Shinoya, and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L31 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weise, D. R.

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, H. Ohta, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Opt. Lett. 22, 1217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Electron. Lett. 32, 2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Harada and Y. Nihei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2629 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sonoda, I. Tsuruma, and M. Hatori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3048 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Electron. Lett. 32, 2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. Kurimura, I. Shinoya, and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L31 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. Kitaoka, K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, K. Narumi, and M. Kato, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 270.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for two-dimensional high-voltage application for an off-cut MgO:LiNbO3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured thickness of domain inversion as a function of the voltage applied by (a) one-dimensional and (b) two-dimensional high-voltage application. The period of domain inversion is 3.2 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-sectional microphotographs of domain inversion formed by (a) one-dimensional and (b) two-dimensional high-voltage application. The applied high-voltage pulse is 5 kV, with a 5-ms pulse width. The period of domain inversion is 3.2 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Filled circles, measured SHG power plotted as a function of incident fundamental power. Curve, calculated SHG based on a normalized conversion efficiency of 800%/W, as measured by SHG output power, fundamental input estimated from the fundamental power transmitted into the waveguide, propagation loss of the waveguide at low incident power, and pump depletion.

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