Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first directly diode-pumped tunable (over 120 nm) continuous-wave Cr4+:YAG laser, operating near 1.5 µm. At room temperature the laser delivered as much as 200 mW of power at 4 W of absorbed pump power. We also report observation of slow laser output degradation and bleaching in highly concentrated cyrstals, which we suggest is due to a photorefractive phenomenon.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).
  2. N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).
  3. S. Kück, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 92.
  4. P. M. W. French, N. H. Rizvi, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Lett. 18, 39 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. G. Okhrimchuk and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Mater. 3, 1 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Sennaroglu, C. R. Pollock, and H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 19, 390 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  8. S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. C. Collings, J. B. Stark, S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, R. Pathak, and K. Bergmann, Opt. Lett. 21, 1171 (1996).
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  12. L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1707 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Kück, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Cr4+-doped oxide crystals,” Ph.D. dissertation (Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany, 1994).
  14. I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.
  16. L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).
  17. K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
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  19. H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.
  21. G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Suchocki and R. C. Powel, Chem. Phys. 128, 59 (1988).
  23. W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

A. Sennaroglu, C. R. Pollock, and H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 19, 390 (1994).
[PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Mater. 3, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, N. H. Rizvi, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Lett. 18, 39 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

1988 (2)

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

A. Suchocki and R. C. Powel, Chem. Phys. 128, 59 (1988).

1987 (1)

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Alfano, R. R.

Angert, N. B.

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Bergmann, K.

Borodin, N. I.

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Brickeen, B. K.

W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, A. B.

Caulfield, H. J.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ching, W. Y.

W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B. C.

Conlon, P. J.

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Cunningham, J. E.

Curley, M.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Delgado, A.

Dennis, W. M.

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eilers, H.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Evans, J. M.

French, P. M. W.

P. M. W. French, N. H. Rizvi, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Lett. 18, 39 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Garmash, V. M.

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Hoffman, K. R.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hömmerich, U.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Kück, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 92.

Itatani, T.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Jacobsen, S. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

Jia, W.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Kück, S.

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Kück, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 92.

S. Kück, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Cr4+-doped oxide crystals,” Ph.D. dissertation (Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany, 1994).

Kukhtarev, N.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kurutova, L. I.

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Liu, X.

L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1707 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Long, X.

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Loutts, G. B.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, A. V.

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Miller, G.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, T.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Nathel, H.

Naumov, S.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

Nobe, Y.

A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

A. G. Okhrimchuk and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Mater. 3, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Pathak, R.

Petermann, K.

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Kück, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 92.

Petricevic, V.

Pohlmann, U.

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

Powel, R. C.

A. Suchocki and R. C. Powel, Chem. Phys. 128, 59 (1988).

Qian, L.

L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1707 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Rachimov, R. R.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ries, H. R.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rizvi, N. H.

Sandulenko, V. A.

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Sennaroglu, A.

Shestakov, A. V.

A. G. Okhrimchuk and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Mater. 3, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, N. H. Rizvi, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Lett. 18, 39 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Sidorova, E. A.

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Siyuchenko, O. G.

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Solntsev, V. M.

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Sorokin, E.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

Stark, J. B.

Suchocki, A.

A. Suchocki and R. C. Powel, Chem. Phys. 128, 59 (1988).

Sugaya, T.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Sugimoto, A.

A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

P. M. W. French, N. H. Rizvi, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Lett. 18, 39 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Taylor, L.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Y. P.

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

Torizuka, T.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Tsuda, S.

Venkateswarlu, P.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Warren, M.

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

Wise, F.

L. Qian, X. Liu, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1707 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Xu, Y.

W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, K.

A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Zhitnyuk, V. A.

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Y. Ching, Y. Xu, and B. K. Brickeen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3755 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Suchocki and R. C. Powel, Chem. Phys. 128, 59 (1988).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Eilers, W. M. Dennis, W. M. Yen, S. Kück, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and W. Jia, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2508 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. Sugimoto, Y. Nobe, and K. Yamagishi, J. Cryst. Growth 140, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. R. Hoffman, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 52, 227 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. G. Okhrimchuk and A. V. Shestakov, Opt. Mater. 3, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

L. I. Kurutova, A. V. Lukin, V. A. Sandulenko, E. A. Sidorova, and V. M. Solntsev, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 63, 693 (1987).

Phys. Rev. B (3)

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15, 505 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Kück, K. Petermann, U. Pohlmann, and G. Huber, Phys. Rev. B 51, 17323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Loutts, M. Warren, L. Taylor, R. R. Rachimov, H. R. Ries, G. Miller, M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, N. Noginova, N. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, Phys. Rev. B 57, 3706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. B. Angert, N. I. Borodin, V. M. Garmash, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, O. G. Siyuchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 113 (1988).

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. (1)

N. I. Borodin, V. A. Zhitnyuk, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 54, 1500 (1990).

Other (6)

S. Kück, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 92.

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and T. Torizuka, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998) pp. 352–354.

Y. P. Tong, P. J. Conlon, X. Long, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 325–327.

S. Kück, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Cr4+-doped oxide crystals,” Ph.D. dissertation (Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany, 1994).

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CTuK7, p. 131.
[CrossRef]

I. Sorokina, S. Naumov, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 331–335.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the diode-pumped Cr4+:YAG laser. The laser was pumped with one diode laser (left module), with two diode lasers (from both sides), or with four wavelength-coupled diode lasers as shown in the inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus pump power for pumping with one diode at 988 nm, two diodes at 1004 and 1064 nm, all four diodes, and a Nd:YLF laser at 1054 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tunability range of the laser measured with the Lyot filter in place (open circles). Solid curve, the measured water absorption in air, scaled to the cavity round-trip length.

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