Abstract

A compact, multichannel dispersion-compensating filter is demonstrated with D=-4200 ps/nm, a ±5ps group delay ripple, <3dB loss, and a 4.5-GHz passband width out of a 12.5-GHz free spectral range. We show that multistage designs can achieve a substantial increase in passband width and peak dispersion for a given group-delay ripple compared with single-stage designs. The dispersion-compensation effectiveness was demonstrated in a 320-km, seven-channel nonlinear system simulation for OC48 signals.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.
  2. D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Dilwali and G. Pandian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 942 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis:?A Signal Processing Approach (Wiley, New York, 1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

1998 (1)

C. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Dilwali and G. Pandian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 942 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Capmany, J.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cimini, L.

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dilwali, S.

S. Dilwali and G. Pandian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 942 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A.

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Haner, M.

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Lenz, G.

C. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C.

C. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis:?A Signal Processing Approach (Wiley, New York, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Moriwaki, K.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, D.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pandian, G.

S. Dilwali and G. Pandian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 942 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W.

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Stone, J.

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L.

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tatay, V.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A.

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Walker, K.

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

Zhao, J. H.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis:?A Signal Processing Approach (Wiley, New York, 1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, and K. MoriwakiIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnauck, L. Cimini, J. Stone, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 585 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Dilwali and G. Pandian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 942 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Pastor, J. Capmany, D. Ortega, V. Tatay, and J. Marti, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2581 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Vengsarkar, A. Miller, M. Haner, A. Gnauck, W. Reed, and K. Walker, in Conference on Communication, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper TNKs.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis:?A Signal Processing Approach (Wiley, New York, 1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-pass filter dispersion compensator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maximum dispersion versus passband width for multistage all-pass filters as a function of the number of stages and the group-delay ripple across the passband.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured group delay and normalized spectral loss for (a) negative and (b) positive dispersion.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Simulated nonlinear system with 80-km standard single-mode fiber spans and seven wavelength-division multiplexed channels separated by 50 GHz and operating at 0C-48, (b) optimum postcompensation dispersion as a function of power per channel out of the amplifiers, (c) power penalty comparison of the all-pass filter (APF) and a length of dispersion-compensating fiber (DCF) with D=-4250 ps/nm.

Equations (2)

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Hω=n=1Nexp-jϕnρn expjϕn-exp-jωT1-ρn exp-jϕnexp-jωT,
τω=-dΦωdω=Tn=1N1-ρn21+ρn2-2ρn cosωT-ϕn.

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