Abstract

We show a special effect of localization in the temporal frequency domain of light pulses that propagate in a dispersive single-mode fiber in the presence of a time-periodic phase modulation that is repeatedly applied at equally spaced locations along the fiber. The effect is analogous to the dynamical localization that occurs for the quantum kicked rotor, which is similar to Anderson localization in disordered solids. The wave behavior eliminates the diffusive spread of sidebands (harmonics). The light propagation, which is described by a Schrödinger-like propagation equation, can provide a new testing ground for the investigation of localization besides shedding light on technologically important pulse propagation in fibers and mode-locked lasers.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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