Abstract

Novel multiplexers–demultiplexers for dense wavelength-division multiplexing systems that use interleaved sampled gratings are presented. It is shown that, with the appropriate design, configurations ranging from hybrid to add–drop as well as all-grating-based multiplexers can easily be realized.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. See, e.g., corresponding product data sheets of E-Tek Dynamics, J. D. S. Fitel, Corning, Inc., and Lucent Technologies.
  2. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.
  3. W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, “Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).
  4. V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Chuang, Z. M.

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Espindola, R. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Ferrand, D. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Fitel, J. D. S.

See, e.g., corresponding product data sheets of E-Tek Dynamics, J. D. S. Fitel, Corning, Inc., and Lucent Technologies.

Jayaraman, V.

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Li, Y. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, “Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Monnard, R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Pan, J. J.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, “Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Pedrazzani, J. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Srivastava, A. K.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Strasser, T. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Sun, Y.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Wolf, C.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Wysocki, P. F.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Zhou, F. Q.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, “Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Zhou, J.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Zirngibl, M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

Zyskind, J. L.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang, and L. A. Coldren, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

See, e.g., corresponding product data sheets of E-Tek Dynamics, J. D. S. Fitel, Corning, Inc., and Lucent Technologies.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, and Y. P. Li, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD10.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, “Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a hybrid fiber grating–thin-film mux–demux.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematics of (a) a sampled grating and (b) an interleaved sampled grating with three interleaved functions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflection spectrum of an interleaved sampled grating suitable as the odd–even channel separator in 50-GHz channel spacing hybrid muxes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Conventional grating-based add–drop mux configuration, (b) add–drop mux configuration based on sampled gratings.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical grating spectrum for the add–drop mux.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Schematic of an eight-channel demux based on interleaved sampled gratings and (b) optical characteristics of one of the gratings in the demux.

Equations (2)

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κn2=κ0LgLssin πnLg/LsπnLg/Ls2;
ΔλBWn=λ2πneffκn2+π/Ltot21/2.

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