Abstract

An optical divide-by-3 system has been developed to phase lock a diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser at 148 THz (2022 nm) to a frequency near 1/3 that of an ultrastable diode laser system at 445 THz (674 nm). The 148-THz radiation is frequency doubled in angle-tuned AgGaS<sub>2</sub> and frequency differenced with the 445-THz radiation in noncritically phase-matched LiNbO<sub>3</sub> , generating two signals at 297 THz, which are mixed on a photodiode. An electronic servo system is used to control the frequency of the Tm:YAG laser and to phase lock it to the visible diode laser output. Phase-locking periods of several minutes are routinely obtained.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).

P. T. Nee and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 23, 46 (1998).

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O. Pfister, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, L. Zink, D. A. Van Baak, M. D. Levenson, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1211 (1997).

K. Stoll, J.-J. Zondy, and O. Acef, Opt. Lett. 22, 1302 (1997).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 140, 45 (1997).

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

1996

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

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O. Pfister, M. Mürtz, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, and J. T. Murray, Opt. Lett. 21, 1387 (1996).

1995

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (1995).

1993

B. G. Whitford, Metrologia 30, 145 (1993).

1992

1983

Acef, O.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

K. Stoll, J.-J. Zondy, and O. Acef, Opt. Lett. 22, 1302 (1997).

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G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

Beaty, E. C.

Bernard, J. E.

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 140, 45 (1997).

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

Biraben, F.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Bosenberg, W. R.

Clairon, A.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

de Beauvoir, B.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Drullinger, R. E.

Evenson, K. M.

Felder, R.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Freegarde, T.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (1995).

Gill, P.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (1995).

Helmcke, J.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Hilico, L.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Hollberg, L.

Jennings, D. A.

Klein, H. A.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

Kobayashi, T.

Q. Zheng, L. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1271 (1996).

Lee, D.

Levenson, M. D.

Lipphardt, B.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Madej, A. A.

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 140, 45 (1997).

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

Marmet, L.

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

Murray, J. T.

Mürtz, M.

Nee, P. T.

Nez, F.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Petersen, F. R.

Pfister, O.

Pollock, C. R.

Prevedelli, M.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (1995).

Riehle, F.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Rowley, W. R. C.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

Schnatz, H.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Siemsen, K. J.

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

Stoll, K.

Touahri, D.

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Van Baak, D. A.

Wells, J. S.

Whitford, B. G.

J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 140, 45 (1997).

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

B. G. Whitford, Metrologia 30, 145 (1993).

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

B. G. Whitford, in Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 187.

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

Wong, N. C.

Zhang, L.

Q. Zheng, L. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1271 (1996).

Zheng, Q.

Q. Zheng, L. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1271 (1996).

Zink, L.

Zinner, G.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Zondy, J.-J.

K. Stoll, J.-J. Zondy, and O. Acef, Opt. Lett. 22, 1302 (1997).

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Appl. Phys. B

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. B 60, S241 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

L. Marmet, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, J. E. Bernard, and B. G. Whitford, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 169 (1997).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, and W. R. C. Rowley, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 133 (1997).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Q. Zheng, L. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1271 (1996).

Metrologia

B. G. Whitford, Metrologia 30, 145 (1993).

Opt. Commun.

J. E. Bernard, L. Marmet, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 150, 170 (1998).

J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 140, 45 (1997).

D. Touahri, O. Acef, A. Clairon, J.-J. Zondy, R. Felder, L. Hilico, B. de Beauvoir, F. Biraben, and F. Nez, Opt. Commun. 133, 471 (1997).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).

Other

B. G. Whitford, in Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 187.

B. G. Whitford, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 471.

A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, B. G. Whitford, L. Marmet, and K. J. Siemsen, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), p. 323.

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