Abstract

We describe a new method for quantum key distribution that utilizes phase modulation of sidebands of modulation by use of integrated electro-optic modulators at the transmitting and receiving modules. The system is shown to produce constructive or destructive interference with unity visibility, which should allow quantum cryptography to be carried out with high flexibility by use of conventional devices.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. H. Bennet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. J. D. Phoenix and P. D. Townsend, Br. Telecom Technol. J. 11, 66 (1993).
  4. A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. C. Sun, Y. Mazurenko, and Y. Fainman, Opt. Lett. 20, 1062 (1995)D. N. Klyshko, Phys. Lett. A 227, 1 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

1997 (2)

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. J. D. Phoenix and P. D. Townsend, Br. Telecom Technol. J. 11, 66 (1993).

1992 (2)

C. H. Bennet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Aspect, A.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bennet, C. H.

C. H. Bennet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Breguet, J.

J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carenco, A.

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

Chen, C. C.

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

Ekert, A. K.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

Gisin, N.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goedgebuer, J. P.

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, T.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mazurenko, Y.

Muller, A.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Palma, G. M.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phoenix, S. J. D.

S. J. D. Phoenix and P. D. Townsend, Br. Telecom Technol. J. 11, 66 (1993).

Porte, H.

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

Rarity, J. G.

P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roger, G.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Salcedo, J.

J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sun, P. C.

Tapster, P. R.

P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

S. J. D. Phoenix and P. D. Townsend, Br. Telecom Technol. J. 11, 66 (1993).

P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vienot, J. C.

J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Br. Telecom Technol. J. (1)

S. J. D. Phoenix and P. D. Townsend, Br. Telecom Technol. J. 11, 66 (1993).

Electron Lett. (1)

P. D. Townsend, J. G. Rarity, and P. R. Tapster, Electron Lett. 29, 634, 1291 (1993)C. Marand and P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 20, 1695 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. C. Chen, H. Porte, A. Carenco, and J. P. Goedgebuer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1363 (1997).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

J. Breguet, A. Muller, and N. Gisin, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

J. P. Goedgebuer, J. Salcedo, and J. C. Vienot, Opt. Acta 29, 471 (1982)J. L. Brooks, R. M. Wentworth, R. C. Youngquist, M. Tur, B. Y. Kim, and M. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1062 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the phase-modulation transmission system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental power spectra obtained with a scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer for phase shifts ΔΦ.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E1t=E0expjω0t+mcosΩt+Φ1,
E1t=E0expjω0t1+jmcosΩt+Φ1.
E2t=E0expjω0t1+2jmcosΦ1-Φ2/2×cosΩt+Φ1+Φ2/2.
i=(m2E02)/2cos2Φ1-Φ2/2.

Metrics