Abstract

Dual, independently addressable thin-film resistive heaters fabricated in a multilayer geometry on the surface of an optical fiber provide a new, flexible means for thermally tuning the properties of intracore gratings. In particular, control of the current that is applied to each of these heaters permits the chirp and the central wavelength of the grating to be adjusted independently. The designs and simple fabrication procedures for these types of device, the important physics of heat flow in them, and a tunable add–drop filter that demonstrates essential aspects of their operation are described.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.
  3. K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
  10. L. R. Ingersoll, O. J. Zobel, and A. C. Ingersoll, Heat Conduction (U. Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1954).
  11. J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, J. Martin, and F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 19, 2027 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.
  13. T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (6)

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Abramov, A. A.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cai, J. X.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cai, J.-X.

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Constantini, D. M.

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Marco, J. J.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diez, A.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, K. F.

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Duricic, N.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Eftimov, T.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Espindola, R. P.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Farries, M. C.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Feinberg, J.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fend, K.-M.

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K. M.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fox, G. R.

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grobnic, D.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Grubsky, V.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. B.

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hayee, M. I.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Imai, T.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ingersoll, A. C.

L. R. Ingersoll, O. J. Zobel, and A. C. Ingersoll, Heat Conduction (U. Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1954).

Ingersoll, L. R.

L. R. Ingersoll, O. J. Zobel, and A. C. Ingersoll, Heat Conduction (U. Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1954).

Jiang, X.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keyworth, B.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Kim, B. Y.

S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.

Kim, H. K.

S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.

Komukai, T.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ky, N. Hong

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lauzon, J.

Lee, B. W.

S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.

Lee, S.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.

Mavoori, H.

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mendez, A.

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mendoza-Santoyo, F.

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Muller, C. A. P.

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T.

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Nielsen, T. N.

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Obhi, J. S.

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

Ortega, B.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

Pacheco, M.

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Salathé, R. P.

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Segura, A.

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Thibault, S.

Westbrook, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Willner, A. E.

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.

Zenteno, L. A.

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zobel, O. J.

L. R. Ingersoll, O. J. Zobel, and A. C. Ingersoll, Heat Conduction (U. Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1954).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, J. R. Pedrazzani, and T. A. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3131 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

S. Jin, R. P. Espindola, H. Mavoori, T. A. Strasser, and J. J. De Marco, Electron. Lett. 34, 2158 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, T. N. Nielsen, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. A. Strasser, P. B. Hansen, and K. F. Dreyer, Electron. Lett. 35, 832 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Cruz, A. Diez, M. V. Andres, A. Segura, B. Ortega, and L. Dong, Electron. Lett. 33, 235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Pacheco, A. Mendez, L. A. Zenteno, and F. Mendoza-Santoyo, Electron. Lett. 34, 2348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

A. A. Abramov, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, R. P. Espindola, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. M. Feng, J. X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. A. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, N. Hong Ky, D. M. Constantini, R. P. Salathé, C. A. P. Muller, and G. R. Fox, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K.-M. Fend, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

T. Eftimov, M. C. Farries, S. Huang, N. Duricic, D. Grobnic, B. Keyworth, and J. S. Obhi, paper presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, Madrid, Spain, September 20–24, 1998.

S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-28.

T. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, and T. A. Strasser, “Fiber Bragg grating tunable dispersion compensator for dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. R. Ingersoll, O. J. Zobel, and A. C. Ingersoll, Heat Conduction (U. Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1954).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic illustration of the device. Two metal films with submicrometer thicknesses deposited in a multilayer geometry directly on the surface of the fiber and electrically insulated from each other by an 300nm layer of SiO2 serve as thin-film heaters for thermal actuation of a grating in the core of the fiber. (The thicknesses of the films and other dimensions of the device are not drawn to scale.) (b) Reflection-mode cross-sectional optical micrographs of the coated fiber. The conductive coatings are composed of Ti (10 nm as an adhesion promoter) and Au (outer film, 60–300 nm tapered; inner film, 150 nm uniform).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results of simple one-dimensional computations of heat flow in a fiber with dual independent thin-film heaters formed directly on the fiber. The top and middle frames show thermal distributions and optical properties of devices heated with a uniform film (top) and a film whose thickness varies inversely with position along the fiber (middle). Heating induced by the uniform coating uniformly shifts the wavelength of the grating, whereas heating in the tapered coating leads to a chirp and a shift in the central wavelength. (The position of the central wavelength is identified by a filled circle in each case.) The bottom frame shows how one can actuate a uniform and a tapered coating in a coordinated manner to allow, for example, the chirp to be adjusted without shifting the central wavelength. In this case the current to the uniform heater is decreased by an appropriate amount as the current to the tapered heater is increased. The dashed curve in each frame illustrates a typical spatial profile for the input heating power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflection spectra measured from an add–drop Bragg grating that is thermally actuated with dual independent thin-film heaters deposited in a multilayer geometry upon the surface of the fiber. The top frame shows spectra recorded for different voltages applied to the uniform heating film; the spectra shift uniformly. The middle frame shows data for different voltages applied to the film with a thickness taper. In this case nonuniform heating causes the spectrum both to shift and to broaden. The bottom frame illustrates how the two heaters can be actuated in a coordinated fashion to permit the width of the reflection peak to be adjusted without affecting its center position.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Tx=12akdexp-xa/kd×-LxPinzexpza/kddz+expxa/kd×xLPinzexp-za/kddz,

Metrics